aluminum chloride


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aluminum

 (Al) [ah-loo´mĭ-num]
a chemical element, atomic number 13, atomic weight 26.982. (See Appendix 6.) It occurs naturally in many foods in low concentrations and is also present in many pharmaceuticals and drinking water. High levels in the body can be toxic; see aluminum poisoning.
aluminum acetate solution Burow's solution.
basic aluminum carbonate gel an aluminum hydroxide–aluminum carbonate gel, used as an antacid, for treatment of hyperphosphatemia in renal insufficiency, and to prevent phosphate urinary calculi.
aluminum chloride a topical astringent solution and antiperspirant.
aluminum chlorohydrate an antiperspirant; called also aluminum hydroxychloride.
aluminum hydroxide the hydroxide of aluminum, used as an antacid and phosphate binder; the official preparation is aluminum hydroxide gel.
aluminum hydroxide gel a preparation of aluminum hydroxide in suspension or dried form, used as an antacid in the treatment of peptic ulcer and gastric hyperacidity and as a phosphate binder in treatment of phosphate nephrolithiasis.
aluminum hydroxychloride aluminum chlorohydrate.
aluminum oxide Al2O3, occurring naturally as various minerals; used in the production of abrasives, refractories, ceramics, catalysts, to strengthen dental ceramics, and in chromatography.
aluminum phosphate gel a water suspension of aluminum phosphate and some flavoring agents; used as a gastric antacid, astringent, and soothing agent.
aluminum poisoning the toxic effects of high levels of aluminum or its compounds in the body. In the gastrointestinal tract aluminum inhibits absorption of electrolytes; inhalation of aluminum fumes may cause pulmonary fibrosis; and aluminum in the bloodstream may lead to serious neurological symptoms, such as in dialysis encephalopathy.
aluminum silicate the silicate salt of aluminum, found in nature in several different hydrated forms that have pharmaceutical or dental uses; see attapulgite, fuller's earth, and kaolin.
aluminum subacetate a compound used as an astringent, diluted with water.
aluminum sulfate a compound used as an astringent solution and antiperspirant.

aluminum chloride

AlCl3, an astringent and antiperspirant.
CAS # 7446-70-0
See also: aluminum
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond that, primary care doctors often prescribe a 20% aluminum chloride liquid, which can be very effective.
Aluminum chloride preparations can be retried once botulinum toxin wears off.
Countering common problems with aluminum chloride preparations
The two most common complaints about topical aluminum chloride preparations are that they sting or do not work.
In the current study histological structures of the testes in the Aluminum chloride intoxicated rats showed the development of oligospermia, hypoplasia, congested blood vessels, exfoliated tubules, distorted tubule shape, lack of ordinary distribution of epithelial lining, expanded space between tubules with degeneration of interstitial tissue, and abnormal leydig cells (Fig.
Table 1: Effect of daily administration of Curcuma longa (4 mg/kg), Aluminum chloride (30 mg/kg) and combination of Curcuma longa and Aluminum chloride on follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) of adult albino rats.
Therefore, the point of this research is to evaluate the use of two coagulants, poly aluminum chloride and ferric chloride, in turbidity removing and reducing organic matter from the raw water entering Ardebil's treatment system plant.
In a jar test, coagulants poly aluminum chloride and ferric chlorideare used in order to compare their performance in the removal of organic matter and turbidity of raw water of Ardebil's treatment plant.
In this study 3 7% ferric chloride and liquid poly aluminum chloride at concentration of 13%, active ions Al, Of as coagulant and one hundred percent pure potassium hydrogen phthalate from Merk company in Germany as a standard of organic matter, were used.
According to the results shown in graphs 2 and 3, the difference between the percentage of DOC removal using poly aluminum chloride coagulant were 5% in spring, 12.5% in summer, 13.25% in autumn and 10.34% in winter and it indicates good performance of coagulant poly aluminum chloride compared with coagulant ferric chloride with higher removal percentage of 10.34%.