Indeed a different composition in membrane lipids (12), a higher concentration of intracellular ATP (10), and a partial fragmentation of actin (13), have been observed in a fraction of red cells populations from mountain climbers after high altitude acclimatization and return to sea level.
Red blood cell senescence and neocytolysis in humans after high altitude acclimatization.
2000) Increases in submaximal cycling efficiency mediated by altitude acclimatization
Whereas the optimal organization of altitude training to optimize performance at sea level is heavily discussed in the scientific community, the benefit of altitude acclimatization
(about 1 to 2 weeks) for competitions at moderate altitudes above 2,000 m is well established (2).
The potential benefit of classic altitude training is that altitude acclimatization provides the stimulus for both central and peripheral adaptations, as well as an additional training load compared to sea level (Bartsch and Saltin, 2008).
train at higher intensities) due to adaptations from altitude acclimatization.
The average HR per watt decreased after simulated altitude acclimatization
via rebreathing, or, the efficiency of HR was improved in the TRT group.