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the sending of information from one place or individual to another.
communication disorders mental disorders characterized by difficulties in speech or language severe enough to be a problem academically, occupationally, or socially; one such is stuttering.
impaired verbal communication a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as decreased, delayed, or absent ability of an individual to receive, process, transmit, or use a system of symbols.
nonverbal communication the transmission of a message without the use of words.
communication (omaha) in the omaha system, the exchange of verbal or nonverbal information.


1. An opening or connecting passage between two structures.
2. In anatomy, a joining or connecting, said of fibrous, solid structures, (for example, tendons and nerves). [anat. usage note Anastomosis is incorrectly used as a synonym.]
3. Information or ideas transmitted from one party to another.
[L. communicatio]


1. The act of communicating; transmission.
a. The exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, signals, writing, or behavior.
b. Interpersonal rapport.
3. Biology The transfer of information from one molecule, cell, or organism to another, as by chemical or electrical signals or by behaviors.
4. Anatomy
a. An opening or connecting passage between two structures.
b. A joining or connecting of solid fibrous structures, such as tendons and nerves.

com·mu′ni·ca′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, communis, common
any process in which a message containing information is transferred, especially from one person to another, by any of a number of media. Communication may be verbal or nonverbal; it may occur directly, such as in a face-to-face conversation or with the observation of a gesture; or it may occur remotely, spanning space and time, such as in writing and reading or in making or playing back of a recording. Communication is basic to all nursing and other health care professions and contributes to the development of all therapeutic relationships. See also kinesics, therapeutic communication.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the reception, interpretation, and expression of spoken, written, and nonverbal messages. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.


The exchange of information between humans or automata, face to face or using paper or electronic media, which requires the use of a shared language and understanding or common ground.  

Vox populi
(1) The interchange of thoughts and ideas between 2 or more parties—e.g., speech, internet, telecommunication.
(2) The successful transmission of information by,,to or between people or groups through a common system of speech, writing, symbols, signs, behaviour, or signals.


1. An opening or connecting passage between two structures.
2. anatomy a joining or connecting; said of fibrous, solid structures, e.g., tendons and nerves.
3. The exchange of information between individuals using symbol systems such as spoken language or writing but also including elements such as icons, gestures, tone of voice, and facial expression.


the transmission of information from one individual to another of the same or different animal species, which receives and understands it. Any of the five senses can be used in communication. Many higher organisms use sound, but posturing in specific displays, e.g. courtship in birds and primates, and dancing in bees, plus touch and smell (see PHEROMONE are other important means of conveying information.


1. An opening or connecting passage between two structures.
2. In anatomy, a joining or connecting, said of fibrous solid structures.


communication between animals depends on sight and hearing and, especially in dogs, on the sense of smell. The matters about which animals communicate include (1) for recognition between dam and newborn; (2) for mating; (3) for initiating aggression or welcome; (4) for signaling danger or safety. See also vocalization.

auditory communication
communication by all kinds of vocalization.
chemical communication
communication by smell, especially by pheromones.
visual communication
besides size and color other modes of visual communication which are of great importance in animal life include stance, demeanor, behavior, and the synthesis of all of these in 'body language'.

Patient discussion about communication

Q. what can a descrease in communication in an 8 year old be? I thought it was some kind of autism but been told it can't be. so what can it be?? I also think he is afraid to get fibromyalgia like his older sister, maybe that's what keeping him down?

A. decrease in communication can be from soooo many things. but you go straight through to the medical clinical solutions. you know, some 8 year olds stop talking with their parents because they are mad at them. so the question is - how long is it lasted? over 2 weeks? if so- it might be a good idea to take him to a children psychologist.

Q. What does an autism evaluation consist of? How long does it take? My two year old is getting evaluated for autism and I want to know what to expect. He is already in speech therapy. His speech therapist said she sees no signs of autism but I still want him tested just to be sure.

A. Hi Hun.. my twin son Thomas was 3 when he was taken to an assessment unit it was a 6 week look at him and how he was and acted, within a few sessions he was diagnosed with severe autism, he is nine now and still non verbal and still in nappies, i have to say autism isn't just about the lack of speech its a lot more than this, lack of eye contact , no interest in playing with other children head banging limited diet also can he a factor, Thomas had a speech therapist before he was assest at the “child development center” and even she said she thought he had autism but its not down to them they just pass on to the right people what she seen during the session, age two is very Young to be assest that is why (depending where your from) they like to leave it to three as speech is still developing.

Q. My brother-in-law named Jacob has bi-polar schizophrenia; please help us by giving some solution for this… My brother-in-law named Jacob has bi-polar schizophrenia; he is currently on his medication and takes them faithfully in a positive mood. We have a hard time communicating with each other and it's destroying our marriage, please help us by giving some solution for this…

More discussions about communication
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, studies and research at that higher education institution address the following themes: development of computerized systems of alternative communication (Imagoanavox); experimental research on the use of the AAC as a facilitating resource for the cognitive development [20].
urdy, M, & Dietz, A, (2010), Factors influencing AAC usage by individuals with aphasia, Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 19, 70-78.
Supporting the development of narrative skills of an eight-year old child who uses an augmentative and alternative communication device.
Augmentative and alternative communication interventions for persons with developmental disabilities: Narrative review of comparative single subject experimental studies.
Stressors and family supports: Families with children using augmentative & alternative communication technology.
2002) "Getting your wheel in the door": Successful full-time employment experiences of individuals with Cerebral Palsy who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication.
Australia) assemble 16 chapters that describe the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) methods for working with children and adults with autism spectrum disorders.
Keywords: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, AAC, Contextual Fit, Response Efficiency.
For example, an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device that is used for communication can be adapted to perform the various functions of the keyboard.
Johnson (monitoring vice president); the Council for Exceptional Children, Division for Communicative Disabilities and Deafness, Lee McLean (chair); RESNA, Kevin Caves; The Association for Persons With Severe Handicaps, Pat Mirenda and Martha Snell; and the United States Society for Augmentative Alternative Communication, David Yoder.
The objective of the first study was to determine the effect of an instructional program on the selection of initial letters of words by 3 children with developmental disabilities (ages 7-10) who used augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).
Valuable resources in this area are the International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (ISAAC) and the AAC journal, Augmentative and Alternative Communication.

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