alternating current


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Related to alternating current: direct current

current

 [kur´ent]
1. something that flows.
2. specifically, electricity transmitted through a circuit.
alternating current a current that periodically flows in opposite directions; its amplitude fluctuates as a sine wave.
convection current a current caused by movement by convection of warmer fluid into an area of cooler fluid.
direct current a current that flows in one direction only; when modeled as a wave, its amplitude is constant. When used medically it is called galvanic current. This current has distinct and important polarity and marked secondary chemical effects.
galvanic current a steady direct current.
current of injury an electric current that flows between injured myocardium and normal myocardium, because such cells have a reduced membrane potential; it may be either diastolic or systolic.
current of injury, diastolic the current that flows from injured to noninjured tissue during electrical diastole.
current of injury, systolic the current that flows from healthy tissue to injured tissue during electrical systole.
inwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the interior of a cell.
leakage current the electrical current that exists in the parts or metal case of electrical equipment.
outwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the exterior of a cell.
potassium rectifying c's transmembrane currents that rectify inwardly or outwardly to make adjustments in cellular functions; they are mainly responsible for the repolarization phase of the action potential. There are at least six mechanisms by which potassium ions move across cardiac cell membranes in the role of rectifier.

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent (AC),

a current that flows first in one direction then in the other, for example, 60-cycle current.

alternating current (AC)

[ôl′tərnā′ting]
an electric current that reverses direction, according to a consistent sinusoidal pattern. Compare direct current. See also current.

alternating current

An MRI term for a continuously changing flow of electrons that alternates its polarity at a periodic rate. In the US, the current changes at a frequency of 60 Hz.

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent

(AC, ac, a.c.) (awl'tĕr-nāt-ing kŭr'rĕnt)
Electric current that reverses direction (positive-negative polarity) many times each second (with each rotation of the armature of the dynamo generating the current).

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent

(AC, a.c.) (awl'tĕr-nāt-ing kŭr'rĕnt)
Electric current that reverses direction (positive-negative polarity) many times each second (with each rotation of the armature of the dynamo generating the current).

current

that which flows; electric transmission in a circuit.

alternating current
a current that flows in opposite directions sinusoidally.
direct current
a current whose direction is always the same.
References in periodicals archive ?
The North American market for small alternating current (AC) motors is being rapidly taken over by Asian, especially Chinese motors.
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Aligning fast alternating current electroosmotic flow fields and characteristic frequencies with dielectrophoretic traps to achieve rapid bacteria detection.
Sea Breeze Victoria will continue its participation within the public hearing process as an active intervener opposing the issuance of a CPCN for BC Transmission Corporation's proposal, which proposes high voltage alternating current transmission cables on a right-of-way adjoining a number of residential properties.
HOUSTON -- Today Mitsubishi Forklift Trucks announced the introduction of its FBC15N-FBC30LN N-Generation of alternating current (AC) powered electric forklift trucks.
manufacturer of energy-saving devices using a patented technology for alternating current induction motors, announced the installation of its energy-saving controllers at the Fashion Institute of Technology of the State University of New York (FIT/SUNY).
Photovoltaic (PV) inverters change the direct current produced by solar panels into alternating current compatible with the utility grid.
XPower Pocket Inverters convert 12-volt DC battery power from a vehicle or airplane into usable household alternating current (AC) electricity, to run laptops, portable DVD players and other mobile devices on the go.
More than 380 elementary students filled the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza's Scherr Forum Theatre on Wednesday morning and listened as Krampf explained the whys and hows of static and current electricity, amps, volts and the difference between direct and alternating currents.

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