hemiplegia

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hemiplegia

 [hem″e-ple´jah]
paralysis of one side of the body; usually caused by a brain lesion, such as a tumor, or by stroke syndrome. The paralysis occurs on the side opposite the brain disorder; this is explained by the fact that motor axons from the cerebral cortex enter the medulla oblongata and form two well-defined bands known as the pyramidal tracts. The majority of the fibers in these tracts cross to the opposite side; therefore damage to the right cerebral hemisphere affects motor control of the left half of the body. See stroke syndrome for symptoms and care of the patient with hemiplegia. adj., adj hemiple´gic.

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]

hemiplegia

(hĕm′ĭ-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Paralysis affecting only one side of the body.

hem′i·ple′gic (-plē′jĭk) adj. & n.

hemiplegia

Neurology Complete paralysis of one side of the body. See Alternating hemiplegia.

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]

hemiplegia

Paralysis of the right or left half of the body. This is the result of damage to one side of the main motor nerve pathways which run down from the surface of the brain to the spinal cord. Hemiplegia is a cardinal sign of STROKE but can be caused by MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, brain inflammation (ENCEPHALITIS), brain tumour or injury. The arm is usually more severely affected than the leg and the face may or may not be involved.

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of one side of the body.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]
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