alpha 1 antitrypsin
alpha 1 antitrypsinA 54 kD glycoprotein that inhibits proteolytic enzymes (proteases),trypsin, chymotrypsin, elastases in lysosomes, plasmin, thrombin, collagenase, and others. Serum A1AT increases nonspecifically during inflammation and is a so-called acute phase reactant.
Elevated A1AT Inflammation, liver injury, increased oestrogen, pregnancy, malignancy, corticosteroid therapy.
Reduced A1AT Heterozygous A1AT deficiency, emphysema, prematurity, protein-losing disorders.
Ref range 2–4 g/L.