allotype


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Related to allotype: idiotype

al·lo·type

(al'ō-tīp),
Any one of the genetically determined antigenic differences within an immunoglobulin isotope that occur among members of the same species.
See also: antibody.
Synonym(s): allotypic marker
[allo- + G. typos, model]

allotype

(ăl′ə-tīp′)
n.
1. A biological specimen that is the opposite sex of a holotype.
2. Immunology Any of the alleles in the constant region of a given subclass of immunoglobulin that are detectable as antigens by members of the same species having a different constant region.

al′lo·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.
al′lo·ty′py (-tī′pē) n.

allotype

Immunology
An inherited set of determinants or sequence of amino acids (e.g., on an immunoglobulin—Ig) and other proteins demonstrating heterogeneity, which is specific for an individual and more common in a racial group.

In humans, Ig light-chain allotypes are designated as Km (Inv) allotypes and heavy-chain allotypes as Gm allotypes.

Molecular biology
A protein or other biomolecular variant arising from genetic differences between individuals of the same species.

allotype

An inherited set of determinants or sequence of amino acids–eg, on an Ig–and other proteins demonstrating heterogeneity, which is specific for an individual and more common in a racial group. Cf Idiotype, Isotype.

al·lo·type

(al'ō-tīp)
Any one of the genetically determined antigenic differences within a given class of immunoglobulin that occur among members of the same species.
See also: antibody
[allo- + G. typos, model]

allotype

An allelic variant of an antigen which can prove immunogenic in people with a different version of the allele.

allotype

An allelic variant of an ANTIGEN. Such a variant may elicit an immune response in an apparently normal person.

allotype

one of a range of ANTIBODIES containing different sequences of amino acids but all having an area with an identical amino acid sequence and thought to be produced by different alleles of the same gene (see MULTIPLE ALLELISM).
References in periodicals archive ?
The Holotype, Allotype, Paratype have been deposited in Natural History Museum, Karachi, Pakistan and Paratype in Memon's collection.
ALLOTYPE: female--same data as holotype except 20-VII-2009, Graciela (IEXA).
Females (measurements for allotype and 4 paratypes): Body length 2.23 (1.95-2.1), maximum width 0.14 (0.1- 0.13), buccal capsule 0.06 (0.03-0.05) x 0.054 (0.05- 0.053), basal ring 0.013 (0.008-0.012) x 0.034 (0.03- 0.033), tridents 0.027 (0.023-0.025) x 0.11 (0.007-0.01).
Holotype deposited at National Museum of Natural History (USNM), Washington, DC; allotype and paratypes at Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA), Gainesville, paratypes at Coleccion Entomologica del Instituto de Fitosanidad, Montecillo, Estado de Mexico (CEAM) and Coleccion Nacional de Insectos, UNAM (CNIN), Mexico.
Female allotype: total length 11.0, cheliceral length 2.75, cheliceral width 1.04, propeltidium length 1.51, propeltidium width 2.27, palpal length 7.0, first leg length 6.0, fourth leg length 6.5.
The allotype, morphotype, and paratypes were collected from cobble and slab bolder riffle habitats in close proximity to the holotype collection.
(a) The charge on each allotype was determined under an assumption of standard p[K.sub.a] values for all ionizable residues.
The holotype, allotype and paratypes of this species were all collected on Santa Rosa Island, Florida by H.
For example, consider the extreme case in which all individual genotypes rejected all other genotypes: all genotypes would have the same pattern of allorecognition response, yet none would have the same allotype. Because rejection occurred more frequently between half-sib compared with full-sib pairs, individuals are more likely to match in their responses to other individuals in the matrix, and there should be relatively fewer unique compatibility types.
Type locality: "Junin Region, Sani Beni, 13 July 1935" (holotype); "Junin Region, Chanchamayo" (allotype and paratype) (Cobos 1964).