The allostatic load
index reflects the physiological consequences of exposure to chronic stress and has previously been used to measure health-related effects of work stress.
and the allostatic load
create an interwoven set of challenges to agency
Lee (2013), "Embodiment of Minority Stress: Differences in Allostatic Load
by Sexual Orientation Identity," paper at American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA.
The science of measuring allostatic load
scores is a complex process based on physical readings of the body including measuring cardiovascular activity, rate of metabolism, high density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol, blood plasma, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (McEwen, 1999).
The first type of allostatic load
is simply too much stress in the form of repeated events that cause repeated elevations of stress mediators over long periods of time with insufficient relief.
This allostatic load
may lead to the manifestation of psychological, emotional, behavioral, immune, or metabolic disorders that is often associated with a flattening of the diurnal cortisol curve and a lack of postpubertal sex differences.
234) When the law student reaches this allostatic load
, "the stress-response can become [even] more damaging than the stressor.
Previous research has shown that higher levels of allostatic load
are associated with increased likelihood of a negative health event such as a heart attack or stroke, or show declines in physical or cognitive functioning.
is generally measured through a composite index of indicators of cumulative strain on several organs and tissues, but especially on the cardiovascular system.
This is consistent with the concept of allostatic load
that posits that overuse of systems designed to manage transient stress leads to impairment of the HPA function including a decrease in responsiveness to novel stressors and disturbance in the regulation of the key mediators.
Noise and stress-salivary cortisol as a non-invasive measure of allostatic load
McEwen and Stellar (1993) embellished on the principle of allostasis by defining a new concept that these authors labeled allostatic load