allergen

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allergen

 [al´er-jen]
1. a substance, protein or nonprotein, capable of inducing allergy or specific hypersensitivity.
2. a purified protein of a food (such as milk, eggs, or wheat), bacterium, or pollen. adj., adj allergen´ic. Allergens are used to test a patient for hypersensitivity to specific substances (see skin test). They are also used to desensitize or hyposensitize allergic individuals (see immunotherapy).

Almost any substance in the environment can be an allergen. The list of known allergens includes plant pollens, spores of mold, animal dander, house dust, foods, feathers, dyes, soaps, detergents, cosmetics, plastics, and drugs. Allergens can enter the body by being inhaled, swallowed, touched, or injected. Once the allergen comes in contact with body cells it sets off a series of immune responses that can range from localized inflammation to a fatal systemic anaphylaxis.

al·ler·gen

(al'er-jen),
An antigen that induces an allergic or hypersensitive response.
[allergy + G. -gen, producing]

allergen

/al·ler·gen/ (al´er-jen) an antigenic substance capable of producing immediate hypersensitivity (allergy).allergen´ic
pollen allergen  any protein antigen of weed, tree, or grass pollens capable of causing allergic asthma or rhinitis; pollen antigen extracts are used in skin testing for pollen sensitivity and in immunotherapy (desensitization) for pollen allergy.

allergen

(ăl′ər-jən)
n.
A substance, such as pollen, that causes an allergy.

al′ler·gen′ic (-jĕn′ĭk) adj.

allergen

[al′ərjin]
Etymology: Gk, allos, other, ergein, to work, genein, to produce
an environmental substance that can produce a hypersensitive reaction in the body but may not be intrinsically harmful. Common allergens include pollen, animal dander, house dust, feathers, and various foods. Studies indicate that one of six Americans is hypersensitive to one or more allergens. Methods of identifying specific allergens affecting individuals include the patch test, the scratch test, the radioallergosorbent test, and the Prausnitz-Küstner test. See also allergic reaction, allergy. allergenic, adj.

allergen

Any biomolecular substance (antigen) capable of evoking an allergic reaction, specifically a type-1 hypersensitivity reaction through immunoglobulin E-mediated reaction.

allergen

Immunology A substance–eg, pollen, dander, mold, which can evoke an immediate-type hypersensitivity–allergic reaction, triggering a release of histamine. See Airborne allergen, Cockroach allergen, Feline allergen, Immunogenic allergen.

al·ler·gen

(al'ĕr-jĕn)
An incitant of altered reactivity (allergy), an antigenic substance.
[allergy + G. -gen, producing]

allergen

Any ANTIGEN causing ALLERGY or causing an allergic reaction in a sensitive person.

allergen

an antigen that produces an allergic response.

Allergen

A foreign substance, such as mites in house dust or animal dander which, when inhaled, causes the airways to narrow and produces symptoms of asthma.

allergen

surface protein residues (e.g. on pollens, latex) that trigger an allergic response (e.g. hayfever, asthma, eczema, dermatitis, anaphylactoid reactions) in susceptible and hypersensitive individuals

allergen,

n allergy-producing foreign substance.

al·ler·gen

(al'ĕr-jĕn)
Antigen that induces an allergic or hypersensitive response.
[allergy + G. -gen, producing]

allergen (al´urjen),

n a substance capable of producing an allergic response or antigen. Common allergens are pollens, dust, drugs, and foods. See also antigen.

allergen

1. a substance, protein or nonprotein, capable of inducing allergy or specific hypersensitivity.
2. an extract of any substance known to cause allergy.
Allergens are used to test a patient for hypersensitivity to specific substances (see skin test). They are also used to densensitize or hyposensitize allergic individuals. See immunotherapy.
Almost any substance in the environment can be an allergen. The list of known allergens includes plant pollens, spores of mold, food preservatives, dyes, drugs, inorganic chemicals and vaccines. Allergens can enter the body by being inhaled, swallowed, touched or injected. Following primary exposure to an allergen, subsequent exposures result in hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions which may be immediate or delayed, local or systemic and include anaphylaxis and contact dermatitis.

alum-precipated allergen
an allergen extract used in intradermal and scratch allergy skin testing; the allergen is adsorbed onto alum to slow antigen release and provide a slower, more persistent immune stimulation. Local tissue reactions and skin nodules may follow their use.
aqueous allergen
a form of allergen extract used in intradermal and scratch allergy skin testing. In hyposensitization regimes, it is rapidly absorbed, but requires more frequent administration.
emulsion allergen
allergen extracts prepared in propylene glycol glycerin, or mineral oil. They give the most sustained effect when used in hyposensitization regimes.

Patient discussion about allergen

Q. How do I diagnose an allergy? I think I’m allergic to something. I’ve been having running nose, sneezing, and even problems breathing every once in a while. How can I find the cause?

A. There can be thousands of materials that you are allergic to. But usually people are allergic to the same things (cats, pets in general, type of foods and so forth..). what you can do is an allergy test- It’ll cover most of the usual things. Here is a video that explains it:
http://www.5min.com/Video/Allergy-Testing-9036

Q. Can it be that I stopped being allergic to cats? is it a miracle? I was allergic to cats in my childhood, and yesterday a friend cat jumped on me and nothing happened.

A. NO,IF NOTHING HAPPENED

More discussions about allergen
References in periodicals archive ?
Ragno V, Giampietro PG, Bruno G, Businco L (1993) Allergenicity of milk protein hydrolysate formulae in children with cow's milk allergy.
What we have to do is tease out the chain of events starting with higher temperatures and CO2 levels, to effects on allergenicity, to human health symptoms," she says.
Revised Guidelines for research in transgenic plants & Guidelines for toxicity and allergenicity evaluation of transgenic seeds, plants and plant parts, 1998" describes the role of the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) to issue the phytosanitary certificate, which is crucial for the import of transgenic material.
Even canned mango can cause an allergic reaction as the allergenicity persists even after enzymatic degradation and mechanical tissue damage
Processing methods undertaken by scientists at the University of Illinois, such as heat treatment and enzymatic fragmentation, have reduced soy allergenicity in soy products.
When a higher-potency topical steroid is desired during a breakthrough episode, halcinonide cream has low allergenicity, a desirable biphasic quick and then delayed release, and good moisturizing and emollient properties, Dr.
The aim of this study was to determine pollen allergenicity of this plant that is no data about it till now and compare it in control area and polluted area in order to investigate the environmental effects on pollens allergenicity.
Most species of pollen have some level of allergenicity but not all of them.
The presence of benzalkonium chloride in a commercial product designated for internal and external use by humans is troubling in light of its toxicity and allergenicity.
The safety assessment "identified no concerns regarding potential toxicity and allergenicity," said EFSA in a statement.
The high temperatures used in baking cause the proteins in milk to break down, reducing the allergenicity.
Safety assessment is an important method to address direct health effects (toxicity), allergenicity, nutritional or toxic properties, stability of the inserted gene, nutritional effects associated with genetic modification.