allelochemical


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allelochemical

(ə-lē′lə-kĕm′ĭ-kəl, ə-lĕl′ə-)
n.
A chemical emitted by an organism of one species that influences the physiology or behavior of an organism of a different species. Synthetic allelochemicals are sometimes used as herbicides or insecticides.

allelochemical

adjective Referring to a biochemical produced by an organism which influences the growth, survival and reproduction of other organisms in the ecosystem.

noun A secondary metabolite that has beneficial (positive) allelopathy or detrimental (negative) allelopathy on target organisms.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Wheat allelochemical compounds might have inhibited chlorophyll content in canary grass seedlings either by interfering with the biosynthesis of photosynthetic pigments or by enhancing their degradation by inducing oxidative stress and generation of reactive oxygen species or both.
The mode of action of allelochemicals is extensive and is related to several metabolic processes such as photosynthesis, cellular respiration, hormonal balance, the depolarization and permeability of membranes affecting nutrient uptake, cell elongation and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (Gniazdowska and Bogatek, 2005; Al-Wakeel et al.
Blue gum produces a thick litter layer and allelochemicals (natural substances produced by plants that can suppress growth), which may inhibit not only its own germination, but also that of other plants (Molina et al.
Wong, "Mimosine, the allelochemical from the leguminous tree Leucaena leucocephala, selectively enhances cell proliferation in dinoflagellates," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.
We can use allelopatic compounds to control weed but allelochemicals often are in low concentration and interaction with each other.
It inhibits the germination and growth of neighboring plants by releasing various allelochemicals such as water soluble phenolics and sesquiterpene lactones including parthenin and coronopilin (Belz et al.
opposita revealed the presence of various types of compounds, including flavanones (16) and 3-O-benzoyl or 3-O-cinnamoylabiatane diterpenoids (17), some of which possess antitumour, insect antifeedant, antimicrobial and allelochemical activities.