Excise taxes amounting to a total PHP67.95 million was paid by Petron for three importations of alkylate
in August and December 2013.
Global demand for motor fuels continues to rise while stricter environmental standards and oxygenate blend requirements for gasoline place a premium on clean burning fuels and blendstocks such as alkylate
The court said alkylate
is a blending component in the production of motor and aviation gas.
gasoline, often referred to as environmental gasoline or green gasoline, does not contain any aromatics or olefins which, among other things, means that carcinogenic emissions are reduced by up to 90%.
For this study, the HoV of the Alkylate
and High Aromatic fuels are assumed to be similar to commercial petroleum-based gasoline (350 kJ/kg), while the E30 is assumed to have a HoV value based on linear blending of ethanol with gasoline (533.6 J/kg).
gives premium gasoline its high-octane punch.
The engine fuels used were special alkylate
petrol for two-stroke engines and a blend of regular petrol E95 (A-class) and Addinol two-stroke engine oil MZ408 in a ratio of 1/50.
The ambient cathodically generated nucleophiles alkylate
at both carbon and oxygen and the competition is crucially dependent on the cation (tetra-butylammonium ion or lithium ion).
The company is said to be the market leader in alkylate
petrol in Sweden and in other markets in which it operates.
said last Thursday it plans to export 22,000 kiloliters of alkylate
, used to produce gasoline, to the United States early next month and 100,000 kl of diesel oil to Europe later this month in response to global supply concerns.
As a result of the new regulation, Reuters said traders and analysts predict that refinery demand for such low aromatic fuel components as methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), isomerate and alkylate
will increase, thus raising the costs for these additives.
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonic acids and alkylate
bottoms are currently being reviewed by the OECD SIDS program.