alkaline

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Related to alkaline urine: pH of urine, acidic urine

alkaline

 [al´kah-līn]
1. having the reactions of an alkali.
2. having a pH greater than 7.0.
alkaline phosphatase an enzyme localized on cell membranes that hydrolyzes phosphate esters liberating inorganic phosphate and has an optimal pH of about 10.0. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity is elevated in hepatobiliary disease, especially in obstructive jaundice, and in bone diseases with increased osteoblastic activity such as hyperparathyroidism, osteitis deformans, and bone cancer. The liver and bone tissue each produce a distinct isoenzyme.

al·ka·line

(al'kă-līn),
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.

alkaline

/al·ka·line/ (al´kah-līn) (-lin)
1. having the reactions of an alkali.
2. having a pH greater than 7.0.

al·ka·line

(al'kă-lin)
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.

alkaline

having the properties of or containing an ALKALI.

Alkaline

A solution is considered alkaline if it contains fewer hydrogen atoms than pure water.
Mentioned in: Cystinuria

al·ka·line

(al'kă-lin)
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.

alkaline (al´kəlin),

adj having the reductions of an alkali. A pH level of 7.1 to 14 designates an alkaline solution. See also basic.
alkaline diet,
alkaline phosphatase,
n an enzyme present in bone, the kidneys, the intestines, plasma, and teeth. It may be elevated in the serum in some diseases associated with disturbances in bone, liver, or other tissues.
alkaline reserve,

alkaline

having the reactions of an alkali.

alkaline incompatibilities
a basic chemical fact that acids and alkalis react together so that the mixing of them in medications is likely to render the medicine ineffective. The phenomenon is utilized in the treatment of poisoning when the objective is to combat the effects of an ingested substance.
alkaline phosphatase
a nonspecific enzyme localized on cell membranes that hydrolyzes phosphate esters liberating inorganic phosphate and has an optimal pH of about 9.5. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity is elevated in hepatobiliary disease, especially in obstructive jaundice, and in bone diseases with increased osteoblastic activity such as hyperparathyroidism, osteitis deformans and bone cancer. The liver and bone tissue each produce a distinct isoenzyme. Called also AP, alkaline phosphomonoesterase, glycerophosphatase.
alkaline picrate test
a technique for estimating urine creatinine levels.
alkaline tide
see postprandial alkaline tide.
alkaline urine
the urine of carnivores is acidic, that of herbivores is alkaline. The presence of an alkaline urine in a carnivore, provided the sample is fresh and uncontaminated, is an indication that the patient is alkalotic, but urine findings must always be interpreted with caution.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is due to risk factors for PUBs, specifically constipation, indwelling catheters, female gender, alkaline urine, and the presence of bacteria containing sulphatase or phosphatase enzymes.
The phenomenon is known to occur with alkaline urine in patients having urinary tract infection (UTI) with indigo- and indirubin-producing bacteria.
Bedridden status, alkaline urine, and chronic constipation are other risk factors.
Highly alkaline urine that contains bacteria and an overabundance of white blood cells in a urine sample collected in a sterile fashion is suggestive of a UTI, but a urine culture is required for definitive diagnosis.
In patient with a presumed UTI, an alkaline urine with a pH greater than 7.
Urinary pH determination can be helpful in the management and treatment of both urinary tract and urinary calculus disease in a presumed urinary tract infection and alkaline urine (>7.
Because alkaline urine may lower the stick's specific gravity reading, some manufacturers supply correction factors for extremes of pH.
Alkaline urine can overwhelm the protein pad's buffer system, producing a rise in pH and a reaction that is not representative of protein concentration.