alkaline

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Related to alkaline urine: pH of urine, acidic urine

alkaline

 [al´kah-līn]
1. having the reactions of an alkali.
2. having a pH greater than 7.0.
alkaline phosphatase an enzyme localized on cell membranes that hydrolyzes phosphate esters liberating inorganic phosphate and has an optimal pH of about 10.0. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity is elevated in hepatobiliary disease, especially in obstructive jaundice, and in bone diseases with increased osteoblastic activity such as hyperparathyroidism, osteitis deformans, and bone cancer. The liver and bone tissue each produce a distinct isoenzyme.

al·ka·line

(al'kă-līn),
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.

al·ka·line

(al'kă-lin)
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.

alkaline

having the properties of or containing an ALKALI.

Alkaline

A solution is considered alkaline if it contains fewer hydrogen atoms than pure water.
Mentioned in: Cystinuria

al·ka·line

(al'kă-lin)
Relating to or having the reaction of an alkali.
References in periodicals archive ?
Urinary investigations found alkaline urine with Klebsiella pneumoniae which was treated effectively with ciprofloxacin and changing of her catheter [11].
Acidic Urine Causes: Alkaline Urine Causes: * Diet high in protein or * Vegetarian, low- cranberries carbohydrate diet * Metabolic acidosis as a * Metabolic alkalosis as a result of starvation or result of gastric lavage or severe diarrhea excessive vomiting * Respiratory acidosis as a * Respiratory alkalosis as a result of COPD or result of hyperventilation emphysema * Renal Disease or chronic * Renal infection with kidney disease; infection Proteus or Pseudomonas with E coli spp.
Contributing factors in PUBS include female gender, debilitation, constipation, chronic catheterization, alkaline urine, chronic kidney disease, and colonization or infection with bacteria producing phosphatase or sulphatase enzymes.
The syndromic picture of marked hypokalaemia ([K.sup.+] = 2 mmol/l), hypophosphataemia (P[O.sub.4] =0.43 mmol/l), normal anion gap metabolic acidosis with respiratory compensation in the presence of alkaline urine, high urinary potassium levels ([K.sup.+] = 31 mmol/l), positive urine anion gap, normal aldosterone levels and normal thyroid function tests indicated a diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis.
For example, struvite stones and crystals develop with alkaline urine. Knowing this via urinalysis, your veterinarian can help you with special diets that dissolve stones by making urine moire acidic.
Rule out infection as the cause of alkaline urine 2.
Alkaline urine increases struvite activity product and is commonly found in associated with struvite urolithiasis (Albasan et al., 2003).
This syndrome occurs particularly in alkaline urine due to reaction of infected urine with catheter tubing or urine bag.
These crystals are seen primarily in alkaline urine:
Hypotonic or alkaline urine can cause lysis of any WBCs present.
Phosphate calculi mainly develop in alkaline urine and oxalate, both in acidic and alkaline.