alkali poisoning

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alkali poisoning

a toxic condition caused by the ingestion of an alkaline agent such as liquid ammonia, lye, and some detergent powders. Compare acid poisoning.

alkali poisoning

Poisoning caused by ingestion of an alkali.


Large amounts of water are given by mouth. Consultation with an ear, nose, and throat specialist is often advisable. Tracheostomy or intubation is performed if necessary to protect the airway. Morphine is useful to allay pain. Rest, heat, quiet, and adequate fluid intake are necessary.


Emetics, strong acids, and lavage should be avoided. Fluid balance and electrolytes should be carefully monitored.
See also: poisoning