alkali burn


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alkali burn

A burn caused by caustic alkalies such as lye, caustic potash (potassium hydroxide), and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide), and marked by a painful skin lesion, often associated with gelatinization of tissue.

Emergency Care

The burn is irrigated with large volumes of water and dressed.

CAUTION!

Be careful to brush dry powder off the skin before applying water, as some chemicals, such as lye, react with water.
See also: burn
References in periodicals archive ?
Blood vessel buds started growing 3 days after alkali burn injury, spreading was fastest from the limbus into nearly the whole corneal stroma (during 7-14 days after injury) with more than five branches, and secretion was visible in the conjunctiva and on the eyelid margins.
Thomas, "Ocular hypertensive response following acid and alkali burns in rabbits," Investigative Ophthalmology, vol.
Cejkova, "The favorable effect of mesenchymal stem cell treatment on the antioxidant protective mechanism in the corneal epithelium and renewal of corneal optical properties changed after alkali burns," Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol.
Topical effects of autogenous, allogenous and xenogenous blood serum on the healing of alkali burns in the cornea of dogs.
Battery impaction in the nose has been described as a cause of septal perforation secondary to alkali burns and subsequent necrosis.