aliphatic


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Related to aliphatic: Aliphatic Compounds

aliphatic

 [al″ĭ-fat´ik]
pertaining to any member of the group of organic compounds having a branched or straight chain structure.

al·i·phat·ic

(al-i-fat'ik),
Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series.
[G. aleiphar (aleiphat-), fat, oil]

aliphatic

/al·i·phat·ic/ (al″ĭ-fat´ik) pertaining to any member of one of the two major groups of organic compounds, those with a straight or branched chain structure.

aliphatic

[al′ifat′ik]
Etymology: Gk, aleiphar, oil
pertaining to fat or oil, specifically hydrocarbon compounds that are open chains of carbon atoms, such as the fatty acids, rather than aromatic ring structures. Aliphatic compounds do not have conjugated unsaturated cyclic structures as are found in aromatic compounds such as benzene and naphthalene.

aliphatic

adjective Referring to organic compounds in which the carbons are arranged in straight 'open' chains–eg, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes

al·i·phat·ic

(al'i-fat'ik)
Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series.
[G. aleiphar (aleiphat-), fat, oil]

aliphatic

Of any organic compound in which all carbon atom chains are arranged linearly rather than in rings, or that have rings that do not have the stability of benzene rings (see AROMATIC). All non-cyclic organic compounds are aliphatic and cyclic aliphatic compounds are called alicyclic compounds.

aliphatic

1. fatty or oily.
2. pertaining to a hydrocarbon that does not contain an aromatic ring.

aliphatic organic arsenicals
include the pharmaceuticals—cacodylic, phenarsonic acids and the herbicides—monosodium and disodium methanearsontes. See also organic arsenical.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Global Aliphatic Polyester Polyols Market 2006-2011
This report reviews the consumption of both aromatic and aliphatic polyester polyols by the major end-use markets for each type.
The expanded lines include optically clear aliphatic thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) grades formulated as "self-priming" (A4700) and "non-self-priming" (A4100).
1 Synthetic Routes to Aliphatic C-Nitro Functionality.
Rhodia Chimie has been granted a patent for an aqueous paint composition comprised of a mixture of an aqueous paint; a colloidal dispersion of a cerium compound comprised of a water-soluble or water-dispersible polymer in complexation with cerium and obtained by 'polymerizing at least one monomer corresponding to an ethylenically unsaturated, linear or branched, aliphatic, cyclic or aromatic monocarboxylic or polycarboxylic acid, or anhydride; and, optionally, a monomer corresponding to a polyoxyalkylenated ester of an ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid; or obtained from the polymerization of at least one ethylenically unsaturated, linear or branched, aliphatic, cyclic or aromatic, monocarboxylic or polycarboxylic acid, or anhydride; and a base.
Bayer developed co-extruded skins with an aromatic baselayer TPU and aliphatic, uv-stabilized skin-layer TPU.
This coating is a two-component solvent-based aliphatic urethane that features a low VOC.
Aquathane EM-37952 is a developmental aliphatic polyurethane dispersion containing low VOC and exhibiting high strength and good elongation.
Chiral Metal Complex-Catalyzed Aliphatic Claisen Rearrangement
Dow Global Technologies LLC has obtained a patent for a method for bonding a transparent substrate within an opening of a structure comprised of the steps of applying to a transparent substrate a primer composition that includes a colorant and at least one isocyanate functional prepolymer derived from the reaction of an aliphatic polyisocyanate and a polyether polyol, wherein the prepolymer is at least partially reacted with the active hydrogen of an organofunctional silane; applying an adhesive to the structure defining the opening or to the primer composition on the transparent substrate; and installing the transparent substrate within the opening, wherein the resulting installed substrate is free of any ceramic enamel.
Bayer is also exploring use of polyester and aliphatic TPUs in various soft-hard PMH applications.