Algid malaria | definition of algid malaria by Medical dictionary
a form of falciparum malaria chiefly involving the gut and other abdominal viscera; gastric algid malaria
is characterized by persistent vomiting; dysenteric algid malaria
is characterized by bloody diarrheic stools in which enormous numbers of infected red blood cells are found.
Etymology: L, algere, to be cold
a rare complication of tropical malaria (occurring in 0.37% of cases) caused by the protozoan Plasmodium falciparum.
It is characterized by cold skin, profound weakness, and severe diarrhea. See also falciparum malaria
algid malaria A dangerous form in which the parasites in the blood cause a condition like bacterial SHOCK, with low blood pressure and cold skin. Urgent treatment to combat shock with transfusions and DOPAMINE, and energetic attack on the infecting malarial parasites, are necessary.
References in periodicals archive
33 Hepatic dysfunction 25 (25) 20 Renal dysfunction 20 (20) 15 Hyperpyrexia 15 (15) -- Hypoglycemia 10 (10) -- ARDS/respiratory complication 5 (5) 60 Algid malaria
5 (5) -- Others (bone marrow depression, 5 (5) 20 CCF, DIC, septicemia) Table 3: Duration of fever before hospitalization Complication Duration No.
with profound hypotension occurred in 12 cases, 3(33.
Among the 360 complicated malaria cases, the most common complication was cerebral malaria in 38% cases, followed by acute renal failure (ARF) in 24% cases, hepatopathy in 23% cases, both ARF and hepatopathy in 11% cases, shock in 4% and algid malaria
in 1% cases.
Falciparum malaria has high mortality rate as it causes severe complications such as cerebral malaria, renal failure and algid malaria
(Bhalli and Samiullah, 2001).