aldose


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to aldose: Aldose reductase

aldose

 [al´dōs]
one of the two main types of monosaccharide sugars; those that contain an aldehyde group (-CHO), such as glucose, galactose, or mannose.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

al·dose

(al'dōs),
A monosaccharide potentially containing the characteristic group of the aldehydes, -CHO; a polyhydroxyaldehyde.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

aldose

A monosaccharide that contains a single aldehyde.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

al·dose

(al'dōs)
A monosaccharide potentially containing the characteristic group of the aldehydes, -CHO; a polyhydroxyaldehyde.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

aldose

a sugar having an aldehyde group attached to the first carbon atom, e.g. D-glyceraldehyde.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Aldose reductase and complications of diabetes," Annals of Internal Medicine, vol.
Kinostat' - topical aldose reductase inhibitor, showed promising in initial clinical trials, but not licensed for use.
Interestingly, resveratrol reduces oxidative stress in diabetes through both deacetylation and inhibition of aldose reductase [43, 49].
Excessive oxidative stress elevates aldose reductase activity and stimulates the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, as well as increasing formation of advanced glycation end-products [27].
Identification of phenolic compounds isolated from pigmented rices and their aldose reductase inhibitory activities.
For example, prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (T18) has the largest number of drug interactions while aldose reductase (T47) has only one drug interaction.
Aldose reductase (AR) is the first and rate-limiting enzyme in polyol pathway, which catalyzes the reduction of glucose to sorbitol and then sorbitol can be converted to fructose by sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH).
Chalk C, Benstead TJ, Moore F, 2007, Aldose reductase inhibitors for the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy.
The Xerophyta viscose aldose reductase (ALDRXV4) confers enhanced drought and salinity tolerance to transgenic tobacco plants by scavenging methylglyoxal and reducing the membrane damage.
It is a novel extended release formulation of diepalrestat, a cocrystal of epalrestat, a reversible aldose reductase inhibitor which blocks the breakdown of excess blood glucose into sorbitol, preventing long-term nerve and tissue damage.