alcoholic pancreatitis


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alcoholic pancreatitis

Pancreatitis due to excessive (typically chronic) alcohol consumption. It is the second most common cause of pancreatitis, after ductal obstruction by gallstones.
See also: pancreatitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Whitcomb and colleagues (2012) identified an association between genetic variants of Claudin-2 (CLDN2) and the risk of alcoholic pancreatitis.
They mediate both the fibrosis and chronic inflammatory response of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis as well as pancreatic cancer (Apte et al.
As a matter of fact, less than 10 percent of heavy alcohol users (180 g/day or about 15 drinks/day for 10 to 15 years) eventually develop clinically overt alcoholic pancreatitis.
This article reviews past theories and current knowledge about the pathophysiology of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, with particular emphasis on alcohol metabolism by acinar and stellate cells and on the toxic effects of alcohol and its metabolites on these cells.
Other studies have shown that excessive alcohol consumption is more frequent among patients with unsatisfactory surgical results and have considered patients with alcoholic pancreatitis poor candidates for surgery.
Unlike alcoholic pancreatitis, NADDCP is not associated with pancreatic pseudocysts or significant calcification.
Patients with biliary pancreatitis were offered cholecystectomy and patients with alcoholic pancreatitis were urged to stop consuming alcohol and de addiction was attempted with the help of psychiatrist in few cases.
Among these 3 patterns, the fibrosis of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis was found mainly in the perilobular or interlobular areas with a nodular lobular appearance.
Individuals with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, in particular, present late, so that the half-life of the enzymes in serum after an acute attack has to be taken into account [23-25].
CASE REPORT: A 32years old male with alcoholic pancreatitis with previous episode of acute pancreatitis three months ago, presented to us with acute abdomen.
In a recent survey on chronic pancreatitis in the Asian-Pacific region (20), there was a great variability in the frequency of alcoholic pancreatitis, accounting for about 19% of chronic pancreatitis cases in China to 95% in Australia,