alcoholic pancreatitis


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alcoholic pancreatitis

Pancreatitis due to excessive (typically chronic) alcohol consumption. It is the second most common cause of pancreatitis, after ductal obstruction by gallstones.
See also: pancreatitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Role of alcohol metabolism in alcoholic pancreatitis. Pancreas, 27(4):311-5, 2003.
They mediate both the fibrosis and chronic inflammatory response of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis as well as pancreatic cancer (Apte et al.
4), or with risk of alcoholic liver cirrhosis, any alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic pancreatitis, and any pancreatitis (Fig.
Patients also need to be advised to stop smoking as this is a strong and independent risk factor for chronic alcoholic pancreatitis. (42)
Usefulness of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin and trypsin activity in the diagnosis of acute alcoholic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96:1777-1781.
As a matter of fact, less than 10 percent of heavy alcohol users (180 g/day or about 15 drinks/day for 10 to 15 years) eventually develop clinically overt alcoholic pancreatitis. Researchers have analyzed several predisposing factors, such as the amount and pattern of drinking, smoking, dietary habits, and genetic mutations--particularly those of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes--but none of these factors has been firmly linked to the development of alcoholic CP (Ammann 2001).
The L/A ratio > 4.0 was present in 15 of the 20 patients with alcoholic pancreatitis, in 22 of the 27 (82%) patients with non-alcoholic pancreatitis, and the sensitivity and specificity in determining the alcoholic acute pancreatitis were 75% and 17.6% respectively (Table 5).
2011 MAP MSAP SAP ABP (n, %) 79 (55.6) 33 (9.3) 14 (30.0) HTGP (n, %) 23 (16.2) 13 (19.4) 7 (26.7) Alcoholic pancreatitis (n, %) 11 (7.7) 4 (6.0) 3 (6.7) Other AP (n, %) 29 (20.4) 17 (25.4) 11 (36.7) 2016 MAP MSAP SAP ABP (n, %) 110 (42.8) 84 (45.7) 7 (31.8) HTGP (n, %) 62 (24.1) 49 (26.6) 11 (50.0) Alcoholic pancreatitis (n, %) 16 (6.2) 3 (1.6) 0 (0.0) Other AP (n, %) 69 (26.8) 48 (26.1) 4 (18.2) Severity of acute pancreatitis according to etiology distribution.
Serum lipase; a better test to diagnose acute alcoholic pancreatitis. Am J Med 1992; 92:239-242.
It was more frequently encountered in patients with alcoholic pancreatitis (10/15, 67%) as compared with all other etiologies combined (15/29, 52%), and in patients who underwent Whipple/Beger resections and total pancreatectomy (17/25, 68%) than in those with distal or subtotal pancreatectomy (8/19, 42%).
Prevalence of normal serum amylase levels in patients with acute alcoholic pancreatitis. Dig Dis Sci 1983;28: 865-9.
Yadav, "Recent advances in the epidemiology of alcoholic pancreatitis," Current Gastroenterology Reports, vol.