alcohol-related birth defects


Also found in: Acronyms.

alcohol-related birth defects

Any birth defect–eg, pre– or postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphia–thin upper lip, poorly-developed philtrum, short nose, and eye openings, CNS defects with mental retardation; when multiple ARBDs are present, the term fetal alcohol syndrome is used. See Fetal alcohol syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
In New York State the estimated cost of caring for infants born with alcohol-related birth defects in 1978 amounted to $155 million in lifetime care.
From a scientific perspective, the link between moderated drinking and alcohol-related birth defects has not been clearly established.
Tom Frederick, co-owner of the bar said that sparing even one unborn child from alcohol-related birth defects or developmental disabilities makes the effort worthwhile.
Increased vulnerability to alcohol-related birth defects in the offspring of mothers over 30.
KEY WORDS: Ethanol metabolism; ethanol clearance; pregnancy; maternal alcohol exposure; fetal alcohol effects; fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD); alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD); nutrition; total enteral nutrition (TEN); maternal nutrition; genetic factors
A woman drinking alcohol at any time during her pregnancy, even during the earliest weeks, increases the risk of her fetus developing alcohol-related birth defects (see the textbox) (Office of the Surgeon General 2005).
Similarly, in the study of pregnant, inner-city African American women, only the lighter drinkers who were less at risk of having children with alcohol-related birth defects heeded warning labels (Hankin et al.
Alcohol related effects can be further subdivided into alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) and alcohol-related neuro-developmental disorder (ARND).
In 1994 Alcohol Health & Research World (now titled Alcohol Research & Health) last devoted a full issue to the topic of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).
Since the late 1970s, many studies have reported on the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD), and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND).
Detecting alcohol use among pregnant women is an important step toward preventing alcohol-related birth defects.

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