In New York State the estimated cost of caring for infants born with alcohol-related birth defects
in 1978 amounted to $155 million in lifetime care.
From a scientific perspective, the link between moderated drinking and alcohol-related birth defects
has not been clearly established.
A multiple-level, comprehensive approach to the prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects
ADH1B*3 and Vulnerability to Alcohol-Related Birth Defects
The toxic effects of in utero alcohol exposure are manifested by a constellation of physical, behavioral, and cognitive abnormalities commonly referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) or alcohol-related birth defects
Alcohol related effects can be further subdivided into alcohol-related birth defects
(ARBD) and alcohol-related neuro-developmental disorder (ARND).
In 1994 Alcohol Health & Research World (now titled Alcohol Research & Health) last devoted a full issue to the topic of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects
Since the late 1970s, many studies have reported on the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related birth defects
(ARBD), and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND).
Detecting alcohol use among pregnant women is an important step toward preventing alcohol-related birth defects
In addition, some prenatally exposed children without FAS facial features exhibit other alcohol-related physical abnormalities of the skeleton and certain organ systems; these anomalies are referred to as alcohol-related birth defects