alcohol-related birth defect


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alcohol-related birth defect

Any birth defect related to alcohol consumption—e.g., prenatal or postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphia (thin upper lip, poorly-developed philtrum, short nose, and small eye openings), CNS defects with mental retardation. When multiple ARBDs are present, the term “fetal alcohol syndrome” is used.

alcohol-related birth defect

A congenital abnormality that reflects the teratogenic effects of maternal alcohol use on developing fetal structures. The most common abnormalities involve the heart, eyes, kidneys, and skeleton.
See: fetal alcohol effects; fetal alcohol syndrome
See also: defect
References in periodicals archive ?
In New York State the estimated cost of caring for infants born with alcohol-related birth defects in 1978 amounted to $155 million in lifetime care.
From a scientific perspective, the link between moderated drinking and alcohol-related birth defects has not been clearly established.
A multiple-level, comprehensive approach to the prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).
The toxic effects of in utero alcohol exposure are manifested by a constellation of physical, behavioral, and cognitive abnormalities commonly referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) or alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).
Alcohol related effects can be further subdivided into alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) and alcohol-related neuro-developmental disorder (ARND).
In 1994 Alcohol Health & Research World (now titled Alcohol Research & Health) last devoted a full issue to the topic of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).
Since the late 1970s, many studies have reported on the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD), and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND).
Detecting alcohol use among pregnant women is an important step toward preventing alcohol-related birth defects.
In addition, some prenatally exposed children without FAS facial features exhibit other alcohol-related physical abnormalities of the skeleton and certain organ systems; these anomalies are referred to as alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).

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