alcohol withdrawal seizures


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alcohol withdrawal seizures

Convulsions that occur in up to one-third of alcoholics when they abruptly reduce their alcohol intake, the effects of which peak within 24 hours after the most recent alcohol ingestion. The seizures are brief, generalised (partial seizures are not uncommon), tonic-clonic,and without an aura, and they occur in clusters of 1–3 seizures with short postictal periods. While alcohol withdrawal seizures typically resolve spontaneously or respond well to benzodiazepines, in 30–50%, the seizures progress to delirium tremens; status epilepticus occurs in 3% of alcohol withdrawal seizures, mandating a workup for other causes of seizures, as alcoholics are often affected by head injuries, chronic idiopathic epilepsy, and meningitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
4) Alcohol withdrawal seizures occur within 48 hours of alcohol cessation and occur either as a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure or a brief episode of multiple seizures usually with a normal EEG record
These preliminary findings are the first to indicate that altered calcium channel activity contributes to the occurrence of alcohol withdrawal seizures," explains lead author, Prosper N'Gouemo, PhD, an assistant professor in the department of pediatrics at GUMC.
Benzodiazepines for the treatment and primary prevention of alcohol withdrawal seizures.

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