alcohol poisoning

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Related to alcohol poisoning: alcohol withdrawal, Blood alcohol level

alcohol poisoning

poisoning caused by the ingestion of any of several alcohols, of which ethyl, isopropyl, and methyl are the most common. Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is found in beverages, hairspray, and mouthwashes; ordinarily, it is lethal only if large quantities are ingested in a brief period. Isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol is more toxic. Methyl alcohol (methanol) is extremely poisonous: in addition to nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, it may cause blindness; death may follow the consumption of only 2 oz. Treatment for alcohol poisoning may include gastric lavage and other supportive interventions.


1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (−OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two or three −OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. common name for ethyl alcohol (ethanol). See also alcoholic.

absolute alcohol
ethyl alcohol free from water and impurities.
complex plant alcohol
includes cicutoxin, oenanthotoxin, tremetol, all toxic, causing heavy mortalities and signs including incoordination, tremor, convulsions, vomiting.
denatured alcohol
ethyl alcohol made unfit for consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a cooling agent and skin disinfectant.
ethoxylate alcohol detergents
alcohols containing an ethyl radical with an attached oxygen group; used in the treatment and prevention of ruminal bloat.
ethyl alcohol
a transparent, colorless, mobile, volatile liquid miscible with water, ether or chloroform, and obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrate with yeast. It is the major ingredient of alcoholic beverages consumed by humans. Called also ethanol and grain alcohol. It is used in veterinary medicine in the preparation of mixtures for topical application and for skin disinfection.
grain alcohol
see ethyl alcohol (above).
isopropyl alcohol
a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a rubbing compound. Called also isopropanol.
methyl alcohol
a mobile, colorless liquid used as a solvent. Called also wood alcohol or methanol. It is a useful fuel, but is poisonous if taken internally. Consumption may lead to blindness or death.
alcohol nerve block
permanent anesthesia to a part can be produced by blocking the relevant nerve with isopropyl alcohol. Adverse effects are likely due to continued loss of sensation and motor power.
alcohol poisoning
in animals this does not present the social problems that it does in humans even in cattle and sheep fed on brewer's grains and distiller's solubles. Ethyl alcohol is produced in some feeds which are fermented accidentally, but overt alcohol poisoning is not recorded. Carbohydrate engorgement is a more likely occurrence. Isopropyl alcohol is an end product of ketone body degradation in the rumen in cattle and does cause signs of inebriation in cows with nervous acetonemia.
Small companion animals are sometimes exposed to toxic levels of ethyl alcohol by owners and it may be readily consumed. Excessive amounts can lead to vomiting, various levels of central nervous system depression, including excitement, seizures and respiratory depression.
wood alcohol
methyl alcohol.

Patient discussion about alcohol poisoning

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References in periodicals archive ?
2), in carbamate poisoning sinusoidal dilatation is major histopathological change, fatty changes is predominant among alcohol poisoning, and combined alcohol and insecticidal poisoning major histopathological changes are fatty change (Fig-3), combined centrilobular necrosis and fatty change, combined sinusoidal dilatation and fatty changes.
They found that more than 2,200 Americans died each year of alcohol poisoning, for an average of six deaths every day each year.
3) and reducing the number of deaths attributable to alcohol (objective SA-20), including deaths from alcohol poisoning, are among the objectives in Healthy People 2020 (8).
Although these statistics include deaths attributable to both alcohol and other drugs, it is likely that alcohol poisoning provided a significant contribution to this increase.
The aim of the present study was to estimate the aggregate-level effect of binge drinking on the accident mortality rate in Belarus by using Bureau of Forensic Medicine autopsy data on the deaths from accidents/injuries and alcohol poisoning between 1979 and 2007.
Basically, those are people with high blood pressure, heart failure, alcohol poisoning, with concussion of the brain, children with fever, intestinal infection or intestinal poisoning.
Summary: Former Baywatch star David Hasselhoff has reportedly been rushed to hospital with alcohol poisoning.
In April 2007, 10 people died after drinking homemade alcohol in the holy city of Qom; in May 2006, 15 people died from alcohol poisoning in the southern city of Sirjan; and in June 2004, 22 died of alcohol poisoning in Shiraz.
The researchers concluded that "there needs to be a strategy to address a custom that can lead to alcohol poisoning and, possibly, death.
Also, over the same period, the number of alcohol poisoning cases among the young has increased 15 times.
A MAN found his best friend dead from alcohol poisoning after the pair embarked on an all-day drinking session, a court heard.

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