alcohol effect

alcohol effect

A popular term for the cardiovascular benefit provided by moderate consumption of alcohol.
Quantity Benefits occur at 0.5 to 2 standard drinks/day.
Type Wine protects more than other alcohol, due to polyphenol and resveratrol in red wine.
Effect Reduced cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, strokes, gallstones; improved diabetic control and general mellowness. 
Mechanism Increased HDL, prostacyclin, myocardial conditioning; reduced LDL, LDL oxidation, fibrinogen, thromboxane, insulin resistance, psychosocial stress, platelet aggregation (Sci American Feb 2003, p75-81).
References in periodicals archive ?
Alcohol also disinhibits us behaviorally, which means it becomes more difficult to make healthy choices; the alcohol effect says, "Never mind, we'll worry about this another time.
Rather than attenuating or amplifying a stable alcohol effect, social forces transform alcohol effects so that the quantity of alcohol consumed ceases to be a good predictor of the outcome.
As one character, a high school guidance counselor, describes it, teens in agricultural Bear Hills grow up in a "whirl of sex, drugs, slow chemical poisoning from pesticides, incestuous nightmares, seasonal affective disorder-fueled binge drinking and fetal alcohol effect.
Still within this context, it was observed that intoxicated individuals think that driving for a short time even under alcohol effect is less negative, thus demonstrating that the attenuation in the processing of inhibitory cues under alcohol intoxication can indeed affect their judgement capacity (George et al.
In 2003, the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect (NTF FAS/FAE), a Federal advisory committee with membership from across several Federal health agencies and the public, developed guidelines for the diagnosis of FAS.
These products include a curriculum development guide for use with health-care students and practitioners and recommendations from the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect on promoting and improving strategies to 1) reduce alcohol use and alcohol-exposed pregnancies and 2) improve early identification, diagnostic services, and research on interventions for children with FASDs and their families.
MEPs are in effect of the opinion that both women and men should be better informed of the dangers related to consuming alcohol during pregnancy and, in particular, on the continuum of problems caused by the fetal alcohol effect.
25) It is unclear whether this represents a direct alcohol effect, a thermal effect during the course of dissection, or a pressure effect from the balloon.
Tolerance can be described in two ways: (1) Chronic tolerance is observed as a decrease in the magnitude of an effect of alcohol with repeated exposures; and (2) acute tolerance is observed within the course of the elimination of a single exposure and is characterized by a reduced alcohol effect on the descending limb of the breath alcohol concentration curve (BAC) when compared to the ascending limb.
Roe, chair of the Keats Foundation, has highlighted research by the eminent professor Brian Livesley which suggests that the poet's small head and projecting upper lip are clear symptoms of a foetal alcohol effect.
Expectancy and pharmacological effects of alcohol on human cognitive and motor performance: The compensation for alcohol effect.
These findings suggest that endogenous opioids may reduce alcohol's actions on GABA transmission in CeA neurons through selective [delta]-receptor-mediated inhibition of GABA release and that the increased alcohol effect on GABA responses in the CeA of [delta]-receptor knockout mice could, at least in part, be attributed to the absence of selective [delta]-receptor-mediated inhibition of GABA release.