alcohol effect

alcohol effect

A popular term for the cardiovascular benefit provided by moderate consumption of alcohol.
Quantity Benefits occur at 0.5 to 2 standard drinks/day.
Type Wine protects more than other alcohol, due to polyphenol and resveratrol in red wine.
Effect Reduced cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, strokes, gallstones; improved diabetic control and general mellowness. 
Mechanism Increased HDL, prostacyclin, myocardial conditioning; reduced LDL, LDL oxidation, fibrinogen, thromboxane, insulin resistance, psychosocial stress, platelet aggregation (Sci American Feb 2003, p75-81).
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2003, the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect (NTF FAS/FAE), a Federal advisory committee with membership from across several Federal health agencies and the public, developed guidelines for the diagnosis of FAS.
Unlike alcohol effect, police, however, are not able to detect the tiredness of drivers
25) It is unclear whether this represents a direct alcohol effect, a thermal effect during the course of dissection, or a pressure effect from the balloon.
Tolerance can be described in two ways: (1) Chronic tolerance is observed as a decrease in the magnitude of an effect of alcohol with repeated exposures; and (2) acute tolerance is observed within the course of the elimination of a single exposure and is characterized by a reduced alcohol effect on the descending limb of the breath alcohol concentration curve (BAC) when compared to the ascending limb.
Roe, chair of the Keats Foundation, has highlighted research by the eminent professor Brian Livesley which suggests that the poet's small head and projecting upper lip are clear symptoms of a foetal alcohol effect.
Expectancy and pharmacological effects of alcohol on human cognitive and motor performance: The compensation for alcohol effect.
These findings suggest that endogenous opioids may reduce alcohol's actions on GABA transmission in CeA neurons through selective [delta]-receptor-mediated inhibition of GABA release and that the increased alcohol effect on GABA responses in the CeA of [delta]-receptor knockout mice could, at least in part, be attributed to the absence of selective [delta]-receptor-mediated inhibition of GABA release.
This may be the start of a biochemical description of the alcohol effect.
Ed Riley served as Chair of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effect.
To identify specific genetic variants associated with a particular alcohol effect, it is important to narrow the DNA region possessing a QTL down to one that is likely to contain only a few genes (see Palmer and Phillips 2002).
To date, only minimal evidence suggests a substantive alcohol effect on acetylcholine.
genes that exist in more than one form) for a differential sensitivity to a particular alcohol effect (e.