alcohol effectA popular term for the cardiovascular benefit provided by moderate consumption of alcohol.
Quantity Benefits occur at 0.5 to 2 standard drinks/day.
Type Wine protects more than other alcohol, due to polyphenol and resveratrol in red wine.
Effect Reduced cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, strokes, gallstones; improved diabetic control and general mellowness.
Mechanism Increased HDL, prostacyclin, myocardial conditioning; reduced LDL, LDL oxidation, fibrinogen, thromboxane, insulin resistance, psychosocial stress, platelet aggregation (Sci American Feb 2003, p75-81).