A serum ascites albumin gradient
(SAAG) value >1.1g/dl, means that the cause of ascites is most likely to be portal hypertension; this is usually in the setting of cirrhosis.
The serum effusion albumin gradient
in the evaluation of pleural effusions.
These studies identify age, sex, blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), serum albumin level, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, ascites parameters, and the serum-ascites albumin gradient
that may be associated with the prognosis of patients with multiple tumors [4-8].
Ascites was noted on physical exam, and the patient underwent a diagnostic paracentesis that revealed a serum ascites albumin gradient
of <1.1, polymorphonuclear cell count <250/[mm.sup.3], and negative culture.
Several laboratory test results such as elevated levels of LDH, total protein, adenosine deaminase, and lymphocyte count; low serum-ascites albumin gradient
; cytological examination, and decreased glucose level of the ascitic fluid help in the distinction of these diseases.
* Albumin gradient
(serum albumin minus PE albumin) <12g/L for exudates and >12g/L for transudates
Paracentesis yielded yellow, clear fluid with a serum-to-ascites albumin gradient
of 6 g/L.
 Hence, several other studies were carried out to propose classifications that included estimation of PF cholesterol, [6,7] ratio of PF/serum cholesterol, PF/serum bilirubin, [7,8] and albumin gradient
. [9,10] Later many studies were carried out on adenosine deaminase (ADA), [11,12] which proved that it is a useful biochemical marker to differentiate transudates from exudates.
A diagnostic center is showed high albumin gradient
ascites with infection.
The ascitic fluid total protein level was 2.1 g/dl and serum-ascites albumin gradient
(SAAG) was > 1.1 g/dL.
If only one of the above criteria is met, then calculate the fluid to serum albumin gradient