alanine racemase

al·a·nine ra·ce·mase

(al'ă-nēn rā'sē-mās),
An enzyme, requiring pyridoxal phosphate as coenzyme, that catalyzes the reversible racemization of l-alanine to d-alanine; found in various microorganisms, where it plays a role in the biosynthesis of the d-amino acids present in the capsular proteins.
References in periodicals archive ?
Three unique proteins involved in peptidoglycan biosynthesis within Salmonella Poona species were found to be inhibited by drugs, namely, alanine racemase, UDP-N-acetyl glucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase and penicillin-binding protein 2.
The 21 studies of this fourth volume include discussions of the disruption of alanine racemase gene of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, D-amino acid oxidase activity assays, the transformation of plants with D-amino acid resistance selectable markers, the resonance Raman study of charge-transfer complexes on porcine D-amine acid oxidase, and enzymes acting on D-amino acid amides.