alacrima

alacrima

 [ah-lak´rĭ-mah]
deficiency or absence of the secretion of tears. It may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, or it may occur in association with other disorders or as an isolated congenital defect.

a·la·cri·ma

(ā-lak'ri-ma), [MIM*601549]
Deficiency of tear secretion.
[G. a- priv. + L. lacrima, tear]

alacrima 

Absence of secretion from the lacrimal gland. However, the typical picture is one of reduced tear secretion more correctly termed hypolacrima. It may occur as a result of occlusion of the orifices of the lacrimal gland due to trauma, cicatrization, diseases (e.g. trachoma); it may be congenital (e.g. Riley-Day syndrome) or it may be due to a neurogenic cause (secondary to brain damage) or to a systemic disease (e.g. Sjögren's syndrome). Treatment includes artificial tears, bland ointments, sealed scleral contact lenses and, in very severe cases, tarsorrhaphy. See keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is characterized by triad of achalasia, alacrima and adrenal hypoplasia.
Keywords: Alacrima, Achalasia, ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone).
Prematilake et al., "A novel TRAPPC11 mutation in two turkish families associated with cerebral atrophy, global retardation, scoliosis, achalasia and alacrima," Journal of Medical Genetics, vol.
She had dry eyes and alacrima. CT scan of the brain, as well as electroencephalogram (EEG) were normal.
Based on presentation of achalasia, alacrima and adrenal insufficiency, diagnosis of triple A syndrome was made.
Alacrima is the earliest and most consistent feature and other ophthalmological findings may include optic atrophy or pallor, high astigmatism, and anisocoria [92].
Subsequent psychomotor regression, spastic tetraplegia, dystonia, nystagmus, optic atrophy Allgrove syndrome Childhood Adrenal insufficiency, AAAS (AAAS) to Alacrima, achalasia.
Osophagogastroduodenal (EGD) graphy was taken for achalasia, alacrima, adrenal failure (AAA) syndrome and ranitidine treatment was initiated because moderate reflux was found.
Triple A syndrome (MIM 231550) is an autosomal recessive disorder that consists of the triad of ACTH-resistance adrenal insufficiency, alacrima, and achalasia.
Allgrove syndrome, an autosomal recessive syndrome of ACTH insensitivity, achalasia and alacrima. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).
A syndrome of alacrima, achalasia, and neurologic anomalies without adrenocortical insufficiency.