alacrima

alacrima

 [ah-lak´rĭ-mah]
deficiency or absence of the secretion of tears. It may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, or it may occur in association with other disorders or as an isolated congenital defect.

a·la·cri·ma

(ā-lak'ri-ma), [MIM*601549]
Deficiency of tear secretion.
[G. a- priv. + L. lacrima, tear]

alacrima 

Absence of secretion from the lacrimal gland. However, the typical picture is one of reduced tear secretion more correctly termed hypolacrima. It may occur as a result of occlusion of the orifices of the lacrimal gland due to trauma, cicatrization, diseases (e.g. trachoma); it may be congenital (e.g. Riley-Day syndrome) or it may be due to a neurogenic cause (secondary to brain damage) or to a systemic disease (e.g. Sjögren's syndrome). Treatment includes artificial tears, bland ointments, sealed scleral contact lenses and, in very severe cases, tarsorrhaphy. See keratoconjunctivitis sicca.

alacrima

a deficiency or absence of secretion of tears.

congenital alacrima
a rare condition occurring mainly in toy breeds of dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on presentation of achalasia, alacrima and adrenal insufficiency, diagnosis of triple A syndrome was made.
Case 2: Six year old BZ, younger sister of BA, was brought to the Pediatric outpatient department, for dark pigmentation of her lips, elbows and knuckles of hands, alacrima occasional vomiting.
Two patients had achalasia, alacrima and adrenocortical deficiency as well as neurologic and autonomic dysfunction, third patient had achalasia and neurologic dysfunction only.
At present, no explanation for the association of achalasia, alacrima and adrenal unresponsiveness to ACTH in the AAA syndrome is available.
Allgrove syndrome: an autosomal recessive syndrome of ACTH insensitivity, achalasia and alacrima.
The "4A" syndrome: adrenocortical insufficiency associated with achalasia, alacrima, autonomic and other neurological abnormalities.
Osophagogastroduodenal (EGD) graphy was taken for achalasia, alacrima, adrenal failure (AAA) syndrome and ranitidine treatment was initiated because moderate reflux was found.
Allgrove syndrome, an autosomal recessive syndrome of ACTH insensitivity, achalasia and alacrima.
A syndrome of alacrima, achalasia, and neurologic anomalies without adrenocortical insufficiency.
Pediatric alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardarion.