airborne precautions

airborne precautions

Infection control precautions for airborne pathogens, which are over and above “standard precautions”:
• Patient placement in a private room.
• Respiratory protection for staff members.
• Limiting the amount of time that the patient is transported.
Pathogens transmitted by airborne droplets Measles, tuberculosis, varicella.

air·borne pre·cau·tions

(ār'bōrn prĕ-kaw'shŭnz)
Measures taken to prevent transmission of infectious agents by airborne droplet spray. Airborne precautions include use of masks and air filtration systems.
References in periodicals archive ?
All staff interacting with the patient should practice contact and airborne precautions (N95 respirator mask).
Of these, 11 (34%) patients were placed in a form of isolation immediately after they sought medical care; 3 patients were transferred to biocontainment units, and the remaining 8 patients were isolated with techniques ranging from standard precautions to a combination of contact, droplet, and airborne precautions. Of the 13 patients who were isolated later in their hospital stay, 2 patients were isolated with contact and airborne precautions, and 11 were subsequently transferred to specialized hospitals with infection control capacity designed for the care of patients with highly infectious diseases.
Droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.
Airborne Precautions prevent transmission of infectious agents that are suspended in the air and remain viable over long distances.
They highlight the need to follow standard precautions for specimen procession and handling, and they suggest additional steps to follow with regard to contact, droplet, and airborne precautions as they pertain to healthcare workers.
The Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) recommends that airborne precautions be taken when caring for an Ebola patient in the surgical setting in addition to standard, contact, and droplet precautions.
However, airborne precautions, including use of N95 respirators and placement of patients in negative pressure isolation rooms, offers the theoretical benefit of limiting airborne transmission.
* Airborne precautions for protection against inhalation of tiny infectious droplet nuclei:
Airborne precautions should be taken for all suspected cases of measles./The incubation period usually lasts for four to 12 days during which there are no symptoms.
Health-care personnel providing care to suspected measles patients (i.e., patients with febrile illness and generalized maculopapular rash or known contacts with prodromal symptoms) should apply appropriate isolation practices, including airborne precautions, in addition to taking standard precautions for such patients.
* Airborne precautions, including possible use of isolation rooms with negative pressure to keep airborne traces of the infection from traveling to patients or visitors and use of respirators for suspect SARS patients
* Airborne precautions, including an isolation room with negative pressure relative to surroundings and the use of an N-95 respirator for persons entering the room.

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