airborne isolation


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Related to airborne isolation: contact isolation

airborne isolation

Any of the techniques used in addition to standard precautions to decrease transmission of infectious agents less than 5 µ in size or those attached to dust particles. Synonym: airborne precaution

Patient care

Patients are placed in a private room, preferably one with negative air pressure and between 6 and 12 changes of air each hour. Hospital workers should wear respirator masks when in the room. If transport is necessary, the patient should wear a surgical mask. Patients with diseases such as active tuberculosis, SARS, varicella, and measles are placed on airborne precautions.

See also: isolation
References in periodicals archive ?
The German ventilation standard permits natural ventilation in most spaces, including airborne isolation rooms and minor interventional procedure rooms, excluding only operating rooms and protective environments (DIN 2009).
(2,7,8) According to the Canadian TB Standards (CTBS), for patients with smear-negative respiratory TB, airborne isolation may be discontinued after 2 weeks of appropriate multi-drug therapy, provided that the patient is improving clinically.
The term "airborne isolation" replaces "respiratory isolation," while the term "airborne infection isolation room" (All room) is defined as "a special negative-pressure room for the specific purpose of isolating persons who might have suspected or confirmed infectious TB disease from other parts of the [health care] setting."
The term "airborne isolation" replaces "respiratory isolation" while the term "airborne infection isolation room" (AII room) is defined as "a special negative-pressure room for the specific purpose of isolating persons who might have suspected or confirmed infectious TB disease from other parts of the [health care] setting."
In the 76 (80%) drills that resulted in the patient being isolated, precaution signage was posted outside the patient's airborne isolation room of 53 (70%), and staff members used recommended PPE when entering these rooms in 56 (74%) drills.

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