Broca’s aphasia

(redirected from agrammatic aphasia)

Broca’s aphasia

Loss of language ability due to damage in Broca's area (Brodmann area 44 and 45), characterised by telegraphic speech in which the meaning is usually clear but the grammatical connecting words are missing, with retained comprehension.

Aetiology
Stroke, usually due to thromboembolism; less commonly due to brain tumours, cerebral haemorrhage, extradural haematoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Automatic processing of wh-and NP-movement in agrammatic aphasia: Evidence from eyetracking.
Agrammatic aphasia is a cluster of language symptoms following damage to left hemisphere peri-Sylvian regions.
Given the prominence of tense deficits in agrammatism, there are numerous tense-centric theoretical accounts of agrammatic aphasia [12,14,15,19].
Linguistic-Specific Sentence Production Treatment for agrammatic Aphasia. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 3, 60-85.
Their topics include linguistic accounts of agrammatic aphasia, resource reduction accounts of syntactically based comprehension disorders, lexical impairment in agrammatism, the role of morphology and prosody in agrammatism at the sentence level, and approaches to treatment.
To illustrate qualitatively the differences between aided and unaided speech, Table 1 provides excerpts from unaided and aided descriptions of the same events by the two individuals with nonfluent agrammatic aphasia who showed the strongest aided effects in an early study with the system [23].
He was diagnosed with mild agrammatic aphasia on the basis of clinical testing; his Aphasia Quotient on the Western Aphasia Battery was 85.6 [47].
Edwards discusses the possible application of these two working hypotheses to the performance of persons with fluent aphasia, particularly when their performance patterns resemble those of persons with nonfluent agrammatic aphasia. Chapter 6 continues the discussion of language comprehension in fluent aphasia.
Lukic, "Training verb argument structure production in agrammatic aphasia: behavioral and neural recovery patterns," Cortex, vol.
(2001) Treatment of underlying forms: A linguistic specific approach for sentence production deficits in agrammatic aphasia. In: Chapey R, editor.
Two predictions follow from the 4-M model: (1) some functional elements or closed-class items will occur in agrammatic aphasia simply because they are content morphemes under the 4-M model, such as personal pronouns in English; (2) the division of [+/- conceptually activated] in the 4-M model will mean that early system morphemes should pattern more like content morphemes and, therefore, be more accurate than either of the other two classes of system morphemes.
Whey compare the production of the French definite articles le and la with the homophonous object pronominal clitics in agrammatic aphasia. In terms of the 4-M model, French articles are early system morphemes, indirectly elected by the gender and number features of their noun.