A polysaccharide found in agar preparations consisting of d-galactose and 3,6-anhydro-l-galactose linked β1,3 glycosidically. Some of the galactosyl units are sulfated.
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Agar is a naturally occurring heterogeneous colloidal polysaccharide complex of agarose and agaropectin having alternating [alpha]-(1 [right arrow] 3) and [beta]-(1 [right arrow] 4) linkages.
Agar consists of a mixture of agarose and agaropectin. Vanilin is the major component of natural vanilla, which is one of the most widely used and important flavouring substances worldwide.