aflatoxins


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Related to aflatoxins: ergotism, Ochratoxins

aflatoxins

Poisonous fungal products produced by Aspergillus flavus which grows on peanuts and grains stored in damp conditions. Aflatoxins act by binding to enzymes so that cell metabolism is blocked. If the fungus is eaten by cattle, the toxins can be released in the milk. Afflatoxins are believed to be a cause of primary liver cancer in people, especially those who have had HEPATITIS B.
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The article cites research carried out on women at the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in a paper titled 'Detection and concentration of plasma aflatoxin is associated with detection of oncogenic human papillomavirus in Kenyan women' published in the Open Forum Infectious Diseases (OFID) Journal.
Global aflatoxins market is projecting a rise in estimated value by 2026, registering a substantial CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026 due to increase in research and development, rise in awareness among people regarding health related issues and increase in awareness regarding agriculture crop
Areca nut is used in many traditional remedies and is credited with having anti-depressant,3 anti-inflammatory4 and anti-hyperlipidaemic5 properties, and cytotoxic, insecticidal and anti-microbial activities,6 in addition to acting as an analgesic4 and immunomodulator.7 Studies have also attributed a variety of negative health outcomes to the use of areca nut-containing products, including development of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF),8-10 oral,11,12 pharyngeal and oesophageal,12 hepatocellular,13 stomach14 and cervical cancers,15 metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.16 Areca nut-containing products are also often contaminated with aflatoxin, a mycotoxin which is a secondary metabolite produced by certain strains of filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus (A.) flavus and A.
Dr Meshack Obonyo from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, says that the samples were collected last December from several millers in Nakuru Town."Total aflatoxin levels in the field were analysed in the mycotoxins research laboratory in Egerton University, where the samples collected contained aflatoxins ranging from 1.
Contamination of maize with Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus and production of aflatoxins during storage is one of the serious problems all over the world (Kaaya and Kyamuhangire.
The objective of this study was to assess the Aflatoxin [M.sub.1] in milk and other dairy products having different shelf lives to make sure the safety of milk and dairy products that's been used in the markets of Libya as milk and dairy products are major source of energy in diet and consumed in great amounts yearly.
But what most Filipinos don't know is that homemade peanut butter, although cheap, might be laden with aflatoxin, a form of mold known to be a human carcinogen or something that causes cancer.
Aflatoxins are secondary metabolites produced by different fungal species such as Aspergillus flavus, A.
Scientists at the University of Florida found that illuminating peanuts with pulsed light could degrade the aflatoxins in the product, thanks to pulsed light's photochemical effects.
The souped-up enzymes will then be tested in real life by the Siegel Lab at the University of California, Davis to see how they can recognise and neutralise aflatoxins. And all of the players' discoveries will be kept in the public domain, free of patents.
Caption: It is thought that aflatoxins may play a role in up to 28% of all liver cancer cases globally.