aflatoxin B1


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to aflatoxin B1: Ochratoxin A, Aspergillus flavus, Aflatoxin m1

aflatoxin B1

A fungal toxin derived from Aspergillus flavus and A parasiticus which may contaminate poorly stored grains and nuts. It is both mutagenic and a liver-specific co-carcinogen. Dietary exposure to high levels of aflatoxin B1 in grains is linked to the high incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas reported in Africa and China. Low levels of aflatoxins are ubiquitous in food; the USDA intervenes when the levels in human food exceed 20 ppb and 300 ppb in cattle feed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative efficacy of silymarin and choline chloride (liver tonics) in preventing the effects of aflatoxin B1 in bovine calves.
Shahin, "Removal of aflatoxin B1 from contaminated liquid media by dairy lactic acid bacteria," International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, vol.
Zhen, "Label-free immunosensor based on one-step electrodeposition of chitosan-gold nanoparticles biocompatible film on Au microelectrode for the determination of aflatoxin B1 in maize," Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol.
Abdulmajeed, "Therapeutic ability of some plant extracts on aflatoxin B1 induced renal and cardiac damage," Arabian Journal of Chemistry, vol.
Efficiency of Bacillus Licheniformis to Reduce Aflatoxin B1 Produced by Aspergillus Flavus.
Bohm, "A survey of aflatoxin B1 and total aflatoxin contamination in baby food, peanut and corn products sold at retail in Indonesia analysed by ELISA and HPLC," Mycotoxin Research, vol.
According to her, dairy animals after consuming feed affected with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), excrete the by-product aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in their milk that causes cancer.
Induction of osteogenic sarcomas and tumors of the hepatobiliary system in nonhuman primates with aflatoxin B1. Cancer Res.
Development and validation of an accurate and rapid LC-ESI-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1 and G2 in lotus seeds.