aflatoxin


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Related to aflatoxin: Aflatoxin b1

af·la·tox·in

(af'lă-tok'sin),
Toxic metabolites of some Aspergillus strains including the fungi Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Aspergillus oryzae. They may play a role in the etiology of primary cancer of the liver in humans and produce disease in animals that eat peanut meal and other feed contaminated by these fungi.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

aflatoxin

(ăf′lə-tŏk′sĭn)
n.
Any of a group of toxic compounds produced by certain molds, especially Aspergillus flavus, that contaminate stored food supplies such as animal feed and peanuts.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

af·la·tox·in

(af'lă-tok'sin)
Toxic metabolites of some Aspergillus strains including the fungi A. flavus, A. parasiticus, and A. oryzae.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Aflatoxin

A substance produced by molds that grow on rice and peanuts. Exposure to aflatoxin is thought to explain the high rates of primary liver cancer in Africa and parts of Asia.
Mentioned in: Liver Cancer
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aflatoxin is a poison produced by the Aspergillus fungus, and it affects cereals, nuts, and other dry foods during storage or in the field.
'This is the area I believe Nigeria can do a lot of work with the ministry of agriculture, private sector and research institutes, to ensure that at some point in time, Nigeria can produce aflatoxin free peanuts,' he said.
The current study was planned to assess microbial contamination and aflatoxin concentrations in products easily accessible by youth in urban Pakistan.
Poultry farmers in Nakuru County are worried following the revelations as they called on the government to enforce standards in the industry.Last week, the Kenya Bureau of Standards (Kebs) banned three peanut butter brands from the market over high aflatoxin content.
(2005) observed similar results of aflatoxins contamination in Eastern and Central Kenya during an outbreak of Acute Aflatoxicosis where high proportion (55%) of maize samples from the local markets in all four study districts had aflatoxin levels greater than the regulatory standards.
A total of 21 samples were obtained (3 samples of skimmed milk, 3 samples of cream, 6 samples of Infant milk formula, 3 samples of Cheddar and 3 samples of spread and 3 samples of slice and 3 samples of butter) randomly from the local markets of Tripoli, Libya and aflatoxin concentrations were determined by using enzyme linked immunosorband assay, ELISA (Ridascreen, aflatoxin [M.sub.1]).
'There are many different types of molds and fungus that can grow in food, including various species of mycotoxins, but aflatoxin has gained attention more than most others because studies have found clear evidence of its potential for causing carcinogenic effects,' wrote Jillian Levy, a senior writer at DrAxe.com and Ancient Nutrition.
The efficacy of various additives to reduce the toxicity of aflatoxin B1 in broiler chicks.
According to the high levels of aflatoxin reported in the analyzed samples, there is a need of monitoring the presence of aflatoxins in peanuts in natura in order to reduce the levels of contamination in food commercialized in northwest of Parana, Brazil.
Several techniques have been investigated that might eliminate aflatoxins from food products, including the use of pulsed light.
Aflatoxin B1 is the most potent naturally occurring liver carcinogen that we know.