afferent neuron


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Related to afferent neuron: afferent pathway

afferent neuron

A neuron that conducts sensory impulses toward the brain or spinal cord.
Synonym: sensory neuron
See also: neuron
References in periodicals archive ?
Afferent neurons mediating escape swimming of the marine mollusc, Tritonia.
Activation of CB1 inhibits NGF-induced sensitization of TRPV1 in adult mouse afferent neurons.
7,9] SCS activates the inhibitory effect of large primary afferent neurons in the dorsal columns, damping the incoming pain signal.
This prevents the peripheral afferent neurons transmitting nociceptive pain signals.
15] These afferent neurons are CGRP-immunoreactive, and are believed to mediate the spinal reflex pathways to the sympathetic preganglionic neurons, and hence play a significant role in the pathogenesis of NDO.
Descending spinal noradrenergic and serotonergic neurons inhibit the neurotransmitters noradrenaline and serotonin, released from primary afferent neurons and dorsal horn neurons.
Receptor localization in the mammalian dorsal horn and primary afferent neurons.
In addition, afferent neurons may synapse with other afferent nerve cells within the central nervous system.
It may result from the dysfunction of pain signaling pathways at multiple levels, such as cutaneous nociceptors, afferent neurons, and the spinal and supraspinal pathways, he said.
Synapses between primary afferent neurons and the giant interneurons also occur in the periphery, in the antenniform leg, a feature first discovered by Foelix (1975).
Somatic afferent neurons firing in the spinal cord can inhibit viscerosomatic neurons in the dorsal horn from responding to stimuli.
The number of these sites is significantly decreased by previous sectioning of the vestibular nerve, indicating that glutamate is involved in the transfer of signals from vestibular afferent neurons.