afferent loop syndrome
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2. something that so conducts, as an afferent fiber or nerve.
afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food.
af·fer·ent loop syn·drome
chronic obstruction of the duodenum and jejunum proximal to the gastrojejunostomy performed in a Billroth II-type gastrectomy; the distended afferent loop of jejunum and duodenum causes symptoms of pain and fullness associated with food ingestion; weight loss is common.
Synonym(s): gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome
Afferent Loop SyndromeA type of postgastrectomy syndrome, caused by partial or complete obstruction of the proximal portion (loop) of a Billroth II anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum. In view of the vast changes in gastric ulcer management, this and other post-gastrectomy syndromes are of increasingly historic interest.
Clinical findings Pain, bloating, abdominal tenderness, with bacterial overgrowth, malabsorption.