aerodigestive tract


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Aerodigestive Tract

The mixed airway/gastrointestinal tract that includes the oral cavity, pharynx, paranasal sinuses, sinonasal tract, larynx, pyriform sinus, pharynx, and upper oesophagus.

aerodigestive tract

Surgical anatomy A term that encompasses the oral cavity, sinonasal tract, larynx, pyriform sinus, pharynx, and esophagus

aerodigestive tract

The anatomic region in the oral cavity and throat through which both air and food pass.
See also: tract
References in periodicals archive ?
The origins of multiple squamous cell carcinomas in the aerodigestive tract. Cancer 2000;88:884-93.
Foreign bodies were retrieved from various points in the aerodigestive tract: from cricopharyngeus in 10(41.7%) cases, postcricoid area 6(25%), valleculla 2(8.3%) and posteriortonsillar fossa in 2(8.3%) cases (Table-1).
Direct laryngoscopy and oesophagoscopy are traditional methods of removal of foreign bodies of upper aerodigestive tract. Its advantages include examination of all anatomical structures in laryngopharynx, hypophaqrynx and oesophagus under General Anaesthesia.
The genotype at the C677T MTHFR variant also plays a role in the risk of alcohol-related upper aerodigestive tract cancers.
"Biologic endoscopy" or "detailed endoscopy" can be used for early detection of tumors in the upper aerodigestive tract, because these techniques enable the visualization of lesions that are not otherwise apparent and can provide greater insight into the behavior of target lesions [1, 4, 13-17, 29-31].
If it revise one localization of upper aerodigestive tract as oral cavity, the estimated lethality is 36.8% according to GLOBOCAN 2002-07 May 10/22:54 (Table 1).
In the only literature on HIV infection and tonsil disease, 45 patients with upper aerodigestive tract tuberculosis in Thailand were reviewed; (25) 26 had HIV tests and, of these, 5% were HIV-positive.
Epidemiologic studies of the last decades have unequivocally identified chronic alcohol consumption as an important risk factor for the development (i.e., pathogenesis) of various types of cancers, including cancers of the organs and tissues of the respiratory tract and the upper digestive tract (i.e., upper aerodigestive tract), liver, colon or rectum (i.e., colorectum), and breast (for a review, see Bagnardi et al.
Coverage includes an overview of the general mechanisms leading to cancer; a series of chapters addressing the correlations between alcohol and carcinogenicity, focusing on specific organs such as the upper aerodigestive tract, liver, colon, pancreas and breast; and several chapters on the role of tobacco in lung and digestive tract cancers and their prevention, and the role of phytochemicals.
The procedure, which allows endoscopic visualization of the aerodigestive tract from the nasal vestibule to the gastric cardia, is currently limited to a small number of U.S.
The gut-derived monoclonal antibodies to tTG from one individual with positive salivary results reacted specifically with fragment 1, confirming a dichotomy between the aerodigestive tract and the gut in the gluten-dependent autoimmune response.
Dr Cristina Bosetti, who led the study at the Institute of Pharmacological Research, Milan, said: "This is the first quantitative evidence that taking aspirin may reduce the risk of developing cancers in the aerodigestive tract, connecting the mouth and the stomach.