Aerobic Capacity

Aerobic Capacity

The maximum amount of O2 in ml an athlete can use in one minute/kg of body weight. Generally, the higher the VO2max, the higher the anaerobic threshold and the faster an athlete can go in endurance competitions without fatigue. Training can increase VO2max by up to 20%, which can be determined by graded exercise testing. It is only of academic interest as O2 consumption can’t be monitored during workouts.
Factors affecting Size and strength of heart, concentration of oxygen-carriers in blood (haemoglobin), density of capillaries and mitochondria in the muscles, and activity of aerobic enzymes; proper training enhances these factors and increases aerobic capacity.

max·i·mal ox·y·gen con·sump·tion

(mak'si-măl ok'si-jĕn kŏn-sŭmp'shŭn)
Highest amount of oxygen a person can consume during maximal exercise of several minutes' duration. It is demonstrated by a leveling off or decline in oxygen consumption with increasing intensity.
Synonym(s): aerobic capacity, aerobic power, maximal oxygen uptake, VO2max.
References in periodicals archive ?
The standard management for significant CAD is coronary revascularization through surgical intervention.2 Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive interventional programme, which aims to optimise the physical, psychosocial and vocational functioning of a patient with CVD, by limiting or reversing the atherosclerotic changes.3 Exercises for endurance significantly increases the aerobic capacity, whereas resistance training increases the muscle strength and endurance, ultimately improving the quality of life (QOL) and functional capacity.4
Based on 19 identified studies with 23 eligible groups (485 adults aged 54 to 71 years), the researchers found that survivors of stroke improved their composite aerobic capacity (based on the six-minute walk test, maximal oxygen consumption [VO2] peak, and walking speed) with an effect size of 0.38.
Study researcher Benoit Bruneau, the director of the Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, and colleagues found genetic adaptations in the mitochondria that may amplify the Komodo dragon's aerobic capacity. The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell that plays a crucial role in governing the function of cardiac and other muscles.
Exercise enhances aerobic capacity, delivering more oxygen to the brain and body which leads to more alertness and less fatigue.
Over a period of time, exercise will allow aerobic capacity to increase, delivering more oxygen to the brain and body which therefore leads to more alertness and less fatigue.
It has updated information on the role of maximal stroke volume in determining maximal aerobic capacity; expanded mechanistic discussion of protein synthesis in muscle hypertrophy; revision of information to reflect published guidelines by professional organizations on nutrition and athletic performance, exercise and pregnancy, health-related screening, fitness testing, and exercise prescription; and additional research perspectives emphasizing new and emerging findings in the field, as well as a new research perspectives finder to help readers locate key content.
Increasing aerobic capacity through exercise is arguably the best prevention for heart disease and exercise is a cornerstone of diabetic treatment.
* Walking increases strength and aerobic capacity, but does not target core, arm and back muscles.
The investigators enrolled 132 cognitively normal people aged 20-67 years with aerobic capacity below the median.
In addition, interventional programs with physical exercises are shown to help with the management of the disease.[12] Most of the studies on physical exercise and interventional programs in FM patients have focused on the aerobic capacity and/or muscular strength.[13] Aerobic exercise produces positive effects on FM patients,[14] while the strength exercise not always influence positively on FM symptoms.[13]
The daily, customized classes will dive into barbell technique, aerobic capacity, dumbbell method, and sandbag classes.