Newer urine adulterants
, however, such as Urine Luck, UrinAid, Klear, and Whizzies, cannot be detected by routine specimen-integrity tests.
The boswellia bulletin is the 15th publication in the series of Botanical Adulterants
Bulletins and the 42nd peer-reviewed publication published by BAPP.
have often been used to mask the presence of an illicit drug and thus cheat a drug test.
Only at high PCC adulterant
concentration (100 g/L) did the amphetamine assay give a response rate less than the threshold value for Emit II (Table 2).
It also lists the known adulterants
, potential therapeutic and/or safety issues with the adulterating species, and analytical approaches to detect adulterants
Thus, a real danger in adulterants
such as levamisole is their toxicity beyond those of the drug to which they are added, causing numerous medical consequences--including death.
The advantages and disadvantages of these analytical methods for adulterant
analysis are summarized in Table 1.
It is also desirable that Union of India revisits the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 to revise the punishment for adulteration making it more deterrent in cases where the adulterant
can have an adverse impact on health," the bench said.
FE-SEM images demonstrated that the thinner or toluene used as an adulterant
in the gasoline destroyed the PCL electrospun fibers; which gave access to PDA polymer producing red color.
The addition of levamisole as a cocaine adulterant
has been reported in the literature since 2001.
Milk is mixed with water; Vanaspati is used as an adulterant
for ghee; Ergot is used as an adulterant
for cereals; Chalk-powder is used as an adulterant
for flour; Papaya seeds are used as an adulterant
for pepper; Brick-powder is used as an adulterant
for chili-powder; Tamarind seed powder is used as adulterant
for coffee; Wood powder is adulterated for turmeric and dhaniya powder.
When people overdose it is generally due to the adulterant
- speed, cocaine and sometimes even heroin and bleach."