adult tuberculosis

sec·on·dar·y tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

tuberculosis found in adults and characterized by lesions near the apex of an upper lobe, which may cavitate or heal with scarring without spreading to lymph nodes; theoretically, secondary tuberculosis may be due to exogenous reinfection or to reactivation of a dormant endogenous infection.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

adult tuberculosis

A nonspecific term for tuberculosis which occurs in an adult; it can be primary or secondary (reactivation/reinfection), occur in a young relatively healthy adult or in an older person who is immune compromised and has multiple underlying diseases.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two recent studies in adult tuberculosis patients in Delft in the Western Cape [11] and Standerton in Mpumalanga (J Wessels, 'Nutritional status of patients with tuberculosis and TB/HIV co-infection at Standerton TB Specialised Hospital, Mpumalanga) unpublished data) show that newly admitted patients with active tuberculosis are undernourished (body mass index <18.5 kg/[m.sup.2]).
She said that sense of complacency among adult tuberculosis patients up on treatment and registering marked improvement in their condition within first few weeks' time was not only
Screening adult tuberculosis patients for diabetes mellitus in Ebeye, republic of the Marshall Islands.
Treatment outcome of newly diagnosed sputum positive adult tuberculosis cases in the context of HIV infection.
Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in adult tuberculosis patients at a central hospital in Malawi [Short communication].
Another reason for the onset of adult tuberculosis is thought to be due to reactivation, although the mechanism of reactivation and development of overt tuberculosis is not well understood, but it has been attributed to poor nutrition and socioeconomic status [12, 13].
5 -- Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been neglected for a long time and in terms of the global policy the focus has been on adult tuberculosis. To add fuel to fire, presentation of the disease is less specific in children, and while diagnosis is difficult, treatment is also very child unfriendly.
Increasing HIV seropositivity among adult tuberculosis patients in Delhi.
Moreover, notes the CDC report, the number of TB cases among children continues to decline, suggesting that the recent increase in adult tuberculosis "may be the result of endogenous reactivation of latent, subclinical tuberculosis infection rather than of increased transmission." From this, authorities inferred that immune suppression might be playing a role in TB's reappearance.
Jeffrey Starke, a leading TB specialist at Texas Children's Hospital, childhood TB "is a fundamentally different disease from adult tuberculosis. Its proper diagnosis, treatment, and prevention require specific planning and resources.
(2002) showed that adult tuberculosis patients have a specific IgA response to glycolipid antigens.

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