adolescence


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adolescence

 [ad″o-les´ens]
the period between the onset of puberty and the cessation of physical growth; roughly from 11 to 19 years of age. adj., adj adoles´cent.

Adolescents vacillate between being children and being adults. They are adjusting to the physiologic changes their bodies are undergoing and are working to establish a sexual identification and to use these changes for their personal benefit and for the benefit of society. They are searching for personal identity and wanting freedom and independence of thought and action, but they continue to have a strong dependence on their parents and suffer feelings of loss in separating from them. In reaction to this they identify with their peers and tend to yield to peer pressure and conform to peer group values, behavior, and tastes in such things as clothing, food, and entertainment.
Developmental Tasks. During the period of time between childhood and adulthood, as for other life stages, there are certain developmental tasks to be accomplished before one can move on to the next stage of maturity. The developmental tasks of adolescents include (1) becoming comfortable with their own bodies, (2) working toward independence from parents and other adult authority figures, (3) building new and meaningful relationships with others of the same and opposite sexes, (4) seeking economic and social stability, (5) developing a personal value system, and (6) learning to verbalize conceptually.
Health Care Needs
. Young people in today's society have special needs related to their lifestyle and health habits. About half of those between the ages of 15 and 19 years are sexually active, predisposing them to sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy. Approximately 10 per cent of the girls in this age group do become pregnant, and many of their newborns are born prematurely or have difficulty at birth. The major causes of injury and death in adolescents are motor vehicle and other accidents, homicide, and suicide. Obesity, substance abuse, and nutritional deficiency also are common health problems in adolescents.

A major goal in the health care of today's youth is education so that adolescents can become knowledgeable about the relationship between their lifestyle and their physical and mental health. They also need help in achieving the maturity essential to choosing a healthy lifestyle and accepting responsibility for their personal health.

Adolescents need health care providers who are able to communicate with them in a manner they can understand, and who respect them as unique individuals. In surveys of adolescents and their health care needs as they perceive them, adolescents have said they want health care providers who are warm and compassionate, have a sense of humor and are able to show emotional responsiveness, can be objective and nonjudgmental when dealing with adolescent health problems, are able to demonstrate flexibility, tolerance, and enjoyment in working with young people, can maintain their adult identity and serve as role models, and are knowledgeable about the special needs of adolescents.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad-ŏ-les'ĕnts),
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with completed growth and physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia fr. adultus essere, becoming an adult]

adolescence

/ad·o·les·cence/ (ad″o-les´ens) the period between puberty and the completion of physical growth, roughly from 11 to 19 years of age.adoles´cent

adolescence

(ăd′l-ĕs′əns)
n.
1. The period of physical and psychological development from the onset of puberty to adulthood.
2. A similar period in nonhuman animals, ending at sexual maturity.

adolescence

[ad′əles′əns]
Etymology: L, adolescere, to grow up
1 the period in development between the onset of puberty and adulthood. It usually begins between 11 and 13 years of age with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and spans the teenage years, terminating at 18 to 20 years of age with the completion of the development of the adult form. During this period, the individual undergoes extensive physical, psychological, emotional, and personality changes.
2 the state or quality of being adolescent or youthful. See also postpuberty, prepuberty, psychosexual development, psychosocial development, pubarche.

Adolescence

The period of developmental maturation between puberty and young adulthood; teenagerhood.

adolescence

Adolescent medicine A period that begins with the onset of 2º sexual characteristics–puberty and ends with the cessation of growth–adulthood, in the vernacular, teenagehood, generally between 13 and 18. Cf Adulthood, Childhood.
Adolescence–signs of psychological problems
Problem behaviors,
eg substance abuse, sexual promiscuity, delinquency
Interpersonal isolation
from friends and family
Cognitive dysfunction,
eg decline in academic performance, irregularities in expressive or receptive language
To be normal during adolescence is, by itself abnormal–Anna Freud.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad'ŏ-les'ĕns)
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia]

adolescence

The period of life from PUBERTY to maturity.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad'ŏ-les'ĕns)
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with completed growth and physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia]

adolescence,

n the period of development between the onset of puberty and adulthood. This period is generally marked by the appearance of secondary sex characteristics, usually from 11 to 13 years of age, and spans the teen years.
References in periodicals archive ?
Frankwood Williams, "Confronting the World: Adjustments of Later Adolescence," in Concerning Parents: A Symposium on Present Day Parenthood (New York, 1926): 152.
There is a rapid increase in obesity across adolescence and young adulthood, according to the authors.
The authors also argued that the age of adolescence should be expanded to range from 10 to 24 because of physical and neurological growth that continues into the 20s, combined with social changes such as the later adoption of adult roles.
Adolescence is an awkward period in which the completion of physical growth at the end of adolescence is not smooth, but rather marked by either small or large imbalances that affect the nervous and endocrine system.
However, during early adolescence, total adiposity affects the blood glucose level more strongly than central adiposity, whereas during late adolescence, central adiposity affects more strongly.
The most important themes addressed during the course are: knowing about the development stages from childhood till the adolescence in regard of psychological, social, mental, sexual, and emotional developments, as well as knowing about the adolescence problems, methods of diagnosis and treatment, guiding the adolescents, and the plan for modifying the behaviour.
The findings of this population-based study indicate that "the onset of depression during adolescence may forecast problems in adapting during this key transitional phase leading into adulthood.
Evidence from many clinical trials has indicated that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is one of the last areas of the brain to develop during adolescence.
Furman and Buhrmester (1992) observed transformations in the parent-adolescent relationship over time and reported that adolescent conflict during early years of adolescence and age were linked.
Those data were used to calculate BMI in adolescence.
The author concludes The Case Against Adolescence by offering some radical suggestions for ways we can grant increasing autonomy and responsibility to adolescents and re-integrate them into the fabric of our communities.
The author details the genetic, hormonal, and neurological development that occurs during adolescence and illustrates how it, along with sociocultural influences, produces adolescent behavior and thought processes.