adolescence


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adolescence

 [ad″o-les´ens]
the period between the onset of puberty and the cessation of physical growth; roughly from 11 to 19 years of age. adj., adj adoles´cent.

Adolescents vacillate between being children and being adults. They are adjusting to the physiologic changes their bodies are undergoing and are working to establish a sexual identification and to use these changes for their personal benefit and for the benefit of society. They are searching for personal identity and wanting freedom and independence of thought and action, but they continue to have a strong dependence on their parents and suffer feelings of loss in separating from them. In reaction to this they identify with their peers and tend to yield to peer pressure and conform to peer group values, behavior, and tastes in such things as clothing, food, and entertainment.
Developmental Tasks. During the period of time between childhood and adulthood, as for other life stages, there are certain developmental tasks to be accomplished before one can move on to the next stage of maturity. The developmental tasks of adolescents include (1) becoming comfortable with their own bodies, (2) working toward independence from parents and other adult authority figures, (3) building new and meaningful relationships with others of the same and opposite sexes, (4) seeking economic and social stability, (5) developing a personal value system, and (6) learning to verbalize conceptually.
Health Care Needs
. Young people in today's society have special needs related to their lifestyle and health habits. About half of those between the ages of 15 and 19 years are sexually active, predisposing them to sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy. Approximately 10 per cent of the girls in this age group do become pregnant, and many of their newborns are born prematurely or have difficulty at birth. The major causes of injury and death in adolescents are motor vehicle and other accidents, homicide, and suicide. Obesity, substance abuse, and nutritional deficiency also are common health problems in adolescents.

A major goal in the health care of today's youth is education so that adolescents can become knowledgeable about the relationship between their lifestyle and their physical and mental health. They also need help in achieving the maturity essential to choosing a healthy lifestyle and accepting responsibility for their personal health.

Adolescents need health care providers who are able to communicate with them in a manner they can understand, and who respect them as unique individuals. In surveys of adolescents and their health care needs as they perceive them, adolescents have said they want health care providers who are warm and compassionate, have a sense of humor and are able to show emotional responsiveness, can be objective and nonjudgmental when dealing with adolescent health problems, are able to demonstrate flexibility, tolerance, and enjoyment in working with young people, can maintain their adult identity and serve as role models, and are knowledgeable about the special needs of adolescents.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad-ŏ-les'ĕnts),
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with completed growth and physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia fr. adultus essere, becoming an adult]

adolescence

(ăd′l-ĕs′əns)
n.
1. The period of physical and psychological development from the onset of puberty to adulthood.
2. A similar period in nonhuman animals, ending at sexual maturity.

Adolescence

The period of developmental maturation between puberty and young adulthood; teenagerhood.

adolescence

Adolescent medicine A period that begins with the onset of 2º sexual characteristics–puberty and ends with the cessation of growth–adulthood, in the vernacular, teenagehood, generally between 13 and 18. Cf Adulthood, Childhood.
Adolescence–signs of psychological problems
Problem behaviors,
eg substance abuse, sexual promiscuity, delinquency
Interpersonal isolation
from friends and family
Cognitive dysfunction,
eg decline in academic performance, irregularities in expressive or receptive language
To be normal during adolescence is, by itself abnormal–Anna Freud.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad'ŏ-les'ĕns)
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia]

adolescence

The period of life from PUBERTY to maturity.

ad·o·les·cence

(ad'ŏ-les'ĕns)
The period of life beginning with puberty and ending with completed growth and physical maturity.
[L. adolescentia]
References in periodicals archive ?
(13,15) In contrast, maturation of cognitive control regions in the PFC and other frontal regions occurs gradually during adolescence. (16) This maturational dissociation is thought to contribute to adolescent-characteristic behaviors, such as increased risk-taking and exploratory drug use.
The jury is still out on how much societal norms will change as a result of extended adolescence, but to be sure, teens are no longer in a hurry to grow up.
Both depression in pregnancy and after birth are generally a continuation of pre-pregnancy mental health problems that date back to adolescence."
Typically, physiological striae atrophicae of adolescence occur in nonobese, healthy adolescents undergoing rapid linear growth at the time of puberty [3].
Puberty, a period of multiple disturbances, is followed by adolescence. Apparently, this is quieter period.
As shown in Table 3, boys showed the strongest positive correlation of fasting blood sugar (FBS) with BF% and FMI during early adolescence and the strongest positive correlation of FBS with WC during late adolescence.
The most important themes addressed during the course are: knowing about the development stages from childhood till the adolescence in regard of psychological, social, mental, sexual, and emotional developments, as well as knowing about the adolescence problems, methods of diagnosis and treatment, guiding the adolescents, and the plan for modifying the behaviour.
The findings of this population-based study indicate that "the onset of depression during adolescence may forecast problems in adapting during this key transitional phase leading into adulthood.
Lesko (education, Columbia U.) considers the cultural construction of adolescence, looking at what shaped the creation of adolescence in developmental psychological terms at the turn of the twentieth century, what material practices came about with new scientific ideas of adolescence, why the developmental construct is resistant to critique and change, and what current ideas must change for society to rethink adolescence.
Nicotine exposure during adolescence alters the rules for prefrontal cortical synaptic plasticity during adulthood.
Results revealed that perceived permissive parenting style (r =.249, pless than .05); and perceived authoritarian parenting styles (r=.222, pless than .05) are positively correlated with psychological problems among adolescence.