adjuvant analgesic

Adjuvant Analgesic

A generic term for a medication (e.g., antidepressants, anticonvulsants) which is not designed to manage pain, but which has effects that can help reduce the need for designated analgesics. Adjuvant analgesics are reportedly of use in managing neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia and other pain syndromes. In contrast to non-opioid analgesics, adjuvant analgesics require a doctor’s prescription. 
Examples Baclofen, gabapentin, ketamine, phloroglucinol, tramadol.
Pain management An ancillary agent with independent or additive analgesic properties, which allows a decreased in the amount of analgesics needed to relieve symptoms that compromise the quality of life in patients with CA, AIDS, and other dread disease.

adjuvant analgesic

Pain management An ancillary agent with independent or additive analgesic properties, which allows a ↓ in the amount of analgesics needed to relieve symptoms in Pts with CA, AIDS, and other dread disease
References in periodicals archive ?
One nonopioid medication now attracting attention as a potential adjuvant analgesic for treatment of acute postoperative pain is magnesium sulfate.
After standard monitoring and intravenous line establishment, the patient was prehydrated with 300 ml of Ringer's Lactate, followed by a single bolus of 50 mcg of Fentanyl as an adjuvant analgesic.
It covers delivery, assessment and monitoring, the pharmacology of opioids and local anesthetics, nonopioids and adjuvant analgesic agents, systemic routes of opioid administration, patient-controlled analgesia, epidural and intrathecal analgesia, other regional and local analgesia, nonpharmacological therapies, acute neuropathic and persistent postacute pain and its treatment, nonsurgical acute pain, more complex patients like older and opioid-tolerant patients, and opioid analgesia after discharge from a hospital (a new chapter).
Therefore, adding an adjuvant analgesic is an alternative to prolong the analgesic duration and to decrease the potential risk of side effects of local anaesthetics by reducing the dose of local anaesthetics.
Therefore adjuvant analgesic strategy is an alternative to prolong the analgesic duration, to decrease the potential risk of side effects of local anesthetics by reducing the dose of local anesthetics Many adjuvants have been added in the effort to prolong the duration of local anesthetics like epinephrine, Butorphanol tartrate, dexamethasone, tramadol, Buprenorphine, verapamil, methylprednisolone, Clonidine, dexmedetomidine.
(21-24) The studies investigating adjuvant analgesics in neuropathic pain are generally placebo-controlled with no comparison to other adjuvant analgesic therapy.
Adjuvant analgesics include antidepressants and antiepileptic drugs used for the treatment of neuropathic pain.
Adjuvant analgesics (co-analgesics) contribute significantly to pain relief when used either alone or in combination with other analgesics.
An analgesic is defined as "a compound capable of producing analgesia, i.e., one that relieves pain by altering perception of nociceptive stimuli without producing anesthesia or loss of consciousnesses." [1] Analgesics are basically of three major types: Nonopioid analgesics (e.g., paracetamol, ibuprofen, and diclofenac), opioid analgesics (e.g., morphine, codeine, and pethidine), and adjuvant analgesics (e.g., anxiolytics, antidepressants, and local anesthetics).
Adjuvant analgesics are medications whose primary indication is something other than pain, but act as an analgesic for some conditions.They are often given in addition to analgesic medications, but may be given alone for some conditions, such as diabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia.