adjustment disorder

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the changing of something to improve its relationship to something else.
adjustment disorder a mental disorder characterized by a maladaptive reaction to identifiable stressful life events, such as divorce, loss of job, physical illness, or natural disaster; this diagnosis assumes that the condition will remit when the stress ceases or when the patient adapts to the situation. Called also adjustment reaction.
impaired adjustment a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to modify lifestyle or behavior in a manner consistent with a change in health status.

adjustment disorder

Etymology: L, adjuxtare, to bring together
a temporary disorder of varying severity that occurs as an acute reaction to overwhelming stress in persons of any age who have no apparent underlying mental disorders. Symptoms include anxiety, withdrawal, depression, impulsive outbursts, crying spells, attention-seeking behavior, enuresis, loss of appetite, aches, pains, and muscle spasms. It can be persistent if symptoms continue for six months or more. It can develop in response to an identifiable stressor and result from situations such as separation of an infant from its mother, the birth of a sibling, loss or change of job, death of a loved one, or forced retirement. Symptoms usually recede and eventually disappear as stress diminishes. See also anxiety disorder.

Adjustment Disorder

A constellation of extreme reactions seen in adolescents, in response to social (and familial) demands to establish personal identity and independence from family.

adjustment disorder

Child psychiatry A constellation of extreme reactions in adolescents to social demands for establishing personal identity and independence from family

ad·just·ment dis·order

(ă-jŭst'mĕnt dis-ōr'dĕr)
1. A class of mental and behavioral disorders in which the development of symptoms is related to the presence of some environmental stressor or life event and is expected to remit when the stress ceases.
2. A disorder the essential feature of which is a maladaptive reaction to an identifiable psychological stress, or stressors, which occurs within weeks of the onset of the stressors and persists for up to 6 months.

Adjustment disorder

A disorder defined by the development of significant emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or series of events within the normal range of human experience.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adjustment disorder and the course of the suicidal process in adolescents.
For example, as found in O'Hare & Sherrer (2006), insight-facilitation skills appear to be more emphasized for clients diagnosed with adjustment disorders than for those diagnosed with schizophrenia, for whom the use of such approaches have been discouraged (Dixon et al.
It found that counselors disproportionately diagnosed males as having psychotic, childhood, and substance-related disorders and females as having major depressive and adjustment disorders.
A greater proportion of females received treatment for mood disorders, anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders.
The court was told that Craig has been diagnosed with chronic adjustment disorder, anxiety and depression due to the prolonged conflict.
The MH/SA indicators equal 1 if the beneficiary had inpatient or outpatient ICD-P diagnoses in each of the following categories: schizophrenia or other nonmood psychosis, bipolar disorder, major depression, dysthymia or other depressive disorders, anxiety disorder, substance disorders, adjustment disorder, personality disorder, disorders originating in childhood (including mental retardation/developmental disorders), and any other mental conditions.
What's more, they contend there's no evidence that herbal or other alternative therapies effectively treat adjustment disorder.
Although it's not known why certain people develop the disorder, some studies show that as many as one third or more of adolescents admitted for in-patient psychiatric care are diagnosed with adjustment disorder.
7 percent of patients undergoing open-heart surgery manifest an adjustment disorder at the time of the operation, 30.
Child psychiatrist Indranil Chakrabarti, a defence witness, claims the girl was suffering from adjustment disorder at the time, making her "unable to cope or plan ahead".
About 96% of the cases had Psychiatric diagnosis, in that Adjustment disorder was present in 75% of the cases followed by depressive disorder in 16 % (Table 2).