adipocyte

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adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the cold effect in part may be mediated by IL-4 and its receptor IL-4Ra in the adipocyte precursors, in mature adipose cells a reduction in the IL4Ra is observed and probably this effect may include diverse mediators, including IL-33 and Met-enkephalin [47, 48].
The implication is that when choosing a tumor block to perform immunostaining for melanocytic markers, one should avoid a block in which the blood vessel component predominates; we would suggest using a block with predominantly smooth muscle or fat components, particularly one that includes cells with epithelioid, eosinophilic, and granular cytoplasm situated between the adipose cells.
The fact that adipose cells can now be reprogrammed without the use of contaminating feeder cells means we are one step closer to being able to use these cells in the clinic," said Dr.
The adipose cells should gradually break down and be reabsorbed, leading to a reduced volume of visceral fat with a subsequent decrease of insulin resistance.
The Japan Patent Office granted Pluristem two patents addressing three-dimensional methods for expanding placental and adipose cells, and specified cell therapies produced from placental tissue using these methods.
Subsequent clinical studies of Renevia is planned as a delivery matrix for autologous adipose cells to restore normal skin contours in patients where the subcutaneous adipose tissue had been lost to lipoatrophy.
During development, some groups of stem cells will go on to become adipose cells - the large globular cells that store and metabolise fats from our diets.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists found a new way to grow body tissues from adipose cells - aka body fat.
We're still trying to determine if it's a direct effect on the adipose cells and how they differentiate or proliferate, or whether it's a disruption of the endocrine feedback loops.
This mechanical effect allows for tissue selectivity - only adipose cells within the targeted area are affected while surrounding tissues including blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue remain unharmed.
By influencing the betaadrenergic receptors in the adipose cells, it is possible to induce increased synthesis of fatty acids and glycerol, which is a prerequisite for increased heat release.
The researchers used adipose cells cultured from tissue left over from tummy-tuck operations as well as mouse muscle cells (C2C12 cells) for their experiments.