The skinfold thickness was measured using a Lange (Lange[C], Washington, USA) adipometer
to estimate body density using the predictive equation proposed by Slaughter et al.
was used with 1 mm precision to measure the cutaneous folds.
Fat percentage was determined by an adipometer
(Lange[R], USA) through triceps and subscapular skinfolds measurements, as previously described by Slaughter et al.
1cm precision and; Lange[R] adipometer
developed by Cambridge Scientific Industries, USA.
For anthropometric data collection, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) and Body Fat Percentage, anthropometric scale, Toledo[R] brand, anthropometric tape, and Cescorf[R] brand adipometer
, were used.
Arm circumference (AC) was measured using inelastic and inextensible tape measure, and triceps skinfold thickness (TST) was measured with an adipometer
that exerts continuous pressure of 10g/[mm.
Sub-scapular and arm skin folds were measured with Langer adipometer
, properly calibrated.
Tricipital skin folds (TSF) and subscapular skin folds (SESF) were measured three times on the right side of the body using an adipometer
(Lange, Beta Technology Incorporated, Cambridge, USA) and the mean of all three measurements was used for analysis (TSF measured on the right upper arm, midway between the acromion and the olecranon, and the SESF is measured two fingers below the low point of the right scapula).
Adiposity was determined by summing the 7 skinfolds (triceps, biceps, subscapula, suprailiac, abdomen, thigh and calf) using an adipometer
(Lange, 1 mm).
Concerning body fat percentage, the results of the present study are similar to those found by Ramos (26) who compared the results obtained by BIA and skinfold analysis methods, nevertheless, there was positive correlation between the results obtained by BIA and DOC which demonstrates that the skinfolds analysis methods using as instrument a adipometer
supply need for cost-effective techniques that accurately percent body fat with more faithfully a possible.
The skin-folds were measured with a Lange scientific adipometer
with a precision of 1 mm.
At an unannounced school visit, the minimum wrestling weight of the wrestlers was calculated on the basis of 3 different methods of estimating the percentage of body fat: (1) Lange calipers; (2) the Ross Laboratories Adipometer
calipers; and (3) bioimpedance analysis.