adenylate

(redirected from adenylates)

adenylate

 [ah-den´ĭ-lāt]
a salt, anion, or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(a-den'i-lāt),
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

/aden·yl·ate/ (ah-den´ĭ-lāt) the dissociated form of adenylic acid.

adenylate

[əden′ilāt]
a salt or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(ă-den'i-lāt)
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

a salt, anion or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate cyclase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inorganic pyrophosphate. It is activated by the attachment of a hormone or neurotransmitter to a specific membrane-bound receptor.
adenylate kinase
enzyme catalyzing the conversion of two moles of ADP to ATP and AMP, thereby equilibrating ADP with ATP and AMP. Controls the adenylate energy charge of a cell, particularly muscle cells. Called also myokinase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adenylates generally can only account for a very short time supply of energy.
For the determination of the initial adenylate levels, clams were allowed to recover from possible collection stress for one week under aquarium conditions before they were sampled.
The energy charge is calculated from the three adenylates ATP, ADP and AMP intracellular concentrations.
MEASURING THE CELLULAR ADENYLATE ENERGY CHARGE DURING THE DEREPRESSION OF THE PYRIMIDINE PATHWAY
The neutralized supernatants were analyzed for adenylates by high-performance liquid chromatography using weak anion exchange as previously described (Rees and Hand, 1991).
Finally, we measured ATP, ADP, and AMP in post-diapause gemmules to gain insight into the adenylate status during development.
The calculated adenylate energy charge was statistically unchanged over the 54 h of aerobic incubation (Table I).