adenovirus


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Related to adenovirus: Canine adenovirus

adenovirus

 [ad´ĕ-no-vi″rus]
any of a large group of viruses causing disease of the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva, and also present in latent infections in normal persons; many induce malignancy in certain species. Along with many rhinovirus subspecies and the picornaviruses, adenoviruses are among the causes of the common cold. adj., adj adenovi´ral.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs),
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serious infections in neonates, including APC virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

(ăd′n-ō-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a group of DNA-containing viruses that cause conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract infections in humans.

ad′e·no·vi′ral adj.

Adenovirus

A group of medium-sized (90–100 nm) non-enveloped icosahedral viruses, with a nucleocapsid surrounding a double-stranded DNA genome. Adenoviridae family has 5 genera, of which one, Mastadenovirus, contains 56 serotypes divided in 7 species (A to G) that infect humans, causing up to 10% of upper respiratory infections in children in developed nations. Clinical response to adenoviruses ranges from none to severe (e.g., with serotype 14). Recombinant forms of adenovirus are used as gene delivery vectors.

adenovirus

Any of a family of > 40 icosahedral–20-sided nonenveloped DNA viruses with a 36 kb genome, which has 'early' genes that encode regulatory proteins, and 'late' genes that encode structural proteins Gene therapy Adenovirus is '…particularly attractive as a vector (for gene therapy), as it can produce large amounts of highly purified recombinant virus, which efficiently infects differentiated cells'; the virus is engineered to ensure that it remains in the desired location by replacing the early genes with the genes of interest–eg, CFTR–cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene Virology Adenovirus can cause common cold, noninfluenzal acute respiratory disease, pneumonia, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, acute febrile pharyngitis, acute hemorrhagic cystitis Diagnosis Indirect methods–antibodies; direct methods–adenovirus antigens by immune–antigen-antibody reactions; viral culture is too time-consuming to be practical. See EIA.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease, conjunctivitis, gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serous infections in neonates.
Synonym(s): adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

One of a family of over 30 different DNA viruses which infects man, causing colds, sore throat, CONJUNCTIVITIS and sometimes PNEUMONIA and GASTROENTERITIS.

adenovirus

a type of virus responsible for several acute infections of the respiratory system. The name derives from the adenoid tissues, where the virus is often found.

Adenovirus

One type of virus that can cause upper respiratory tract infections.

adenovirus 

A DNA virus, composed of over 40 serotypes. Many serotypes cause ocular infection, including epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by serotypes 8, 19 and 37. Other infections include follicular conjunctivitis with or without pseudomembranes and epithelial keratitis. The adenovirus can be identified using, among others, conjunctival swabs for viral antigen. See acute conjunctivitis.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; many types infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, and other diseases.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]
References in periodicals archive ?
Depending on your perspective, measures to prevent the spread of adenovirus are elegantly simple, evidence-based, public health intervention, or maddeningly little more than common sense.
Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) associated with adenovirus is a frequent cause of outbreaks in eye care settings.
However, in the current study, fowl adenovirus serotype 11 was first time isolated from infected birds in the country.
Clinical and aetiological study of adenoviral conjunctivitis, with special reference to adenovirus types 4 and 19 infections.
Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) clinical diagnosis of nasal virus infection made by pediatrician; (2) age between 6-12 years and gender indistinct; and (3) positive immunofluorescence to adenovirus. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) presence of clinical symptoms that suggested bacterial infection; (2) treatment using antibiotic medication, antihistamines, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, nasal/systemic corticosteroids, or a nasal/oral decongestant within 2 weeks of the beginning of clinical symptoms; and (3) children who had coinfection with other viruses detected by immunofluorescence assay [17].
According to the company, the new seeds are the first to use a live adenovirus as a vector for select genes from FMD virus.
The epidemiological studies of adenovirus infections have limitations due to the relatively high incidence of doubtful and inconclusive results obtained in the tests currently in use.
Materials and Methods: Stool specimens of patients who attended our clinic with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis between January 2013 and December 2013 were examined for the presence of enteric adenovirus (Ad40 and Ad41) antigen using immunochromatographic methods.
However, few reports have addressed the therapeutic efficacies of a recombinant adenovirus vector containing HIF-1a (AdHIF-1a) gene after ischemia and reperfusion.
(Frequency of rotavirus and adenovirus infection in infants under 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis).
The eight selections that make up the main body of the text are devoted to adenovirus biology and development as a gene delivery vector, innate and adaptive immune responses to adenovirus, helper-dependent adenoviral vectors for cell and gene therapy, and a wide variety of other related subjects.