adenovirus

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Related to adenoviral: Canine adenovirus

adenovirus

 [ad´ĕ-no-vi″rus]
any of a large group of viruses causing disease of the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva, and also present in latent infections in normal persons; many induce malignancy in certain species. Along with many rhinovirus subspecies and the picornaviruses, adenoviruses are among the causes of the common cold. adj., adj adenovi´ral.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs),
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serious infections in neonates, including APC virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

/ad·e·no·vi·rus/ (ad´ĕ-no-vi″rus) any virus belonging to the family Adenoviridae.adenovi´ral
mammalian adenoviruses  Mastadenovirus.

adenovirus

(ăd′n-ō-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a group of DNA-containing viruses that cause conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract infections in humans.

ad′e·no·vi′ral adj.

adenovirus

[ad′ənōvī′rəs]
Etymology: Gk, aden + L, virus, poison
any one of the 49 medium-sized viruses of the Adenoviridae family, pathogenic to humans, that cause conjunctivitis, upper respiratory tract infection, cystitis, or GI infection. After the acute and symptomatic period of illness, the virus may persist in a latent stage in the tonsils, adenoids, and other lymphoid tissue. Compare rhinovirus. adenoviral, adj.

Adenovirus

A group of medium-sized (90–100 nm) non-enveloped icosahedral viruses, with a nucleocapsid surrounding a double-stranded DNA genome. Adenoviridae family has 5 genera, of which one, Mastadenovirus, contains 56 serotypes divided in 7 species (A to G) that infect humans, causing up to 10% of upper respiratory infections in children in developed nations. Clinical response to adenoviruses ranges from none to severe (e.g., with serotype 14). Recombinant forms of adenovirus are used as gene delivery vectors.

adenovirus

Any of a family of > 40 icosahedral–20-sided nonenveloped DNA viruses with a 36 kb genome, which has 'early' genes that encode regulatory proteins, and 'late' genes that encode structural proteins Gene therapy Adenovirus is '…particularly attractive as a vector (for gene therapy), as it can produce large amounts of highly purified recombinant virus, which efficiently infects differentiated cells'; the virus is engineered to ensure that it remains in the desired location by replacing the early genes with the genes of interest–eg, CFTR–cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene Virology Adenovirus can cause common cold, noninfluenzal acute respiratory disease, pneumonia, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, acute febrile pharyngitis, acute hemorrhagic cystitis Diagnosis Indirect methods–antibodies; direct methods–adenovirus antigens by immune–antigen-antibody reactions; viral culture is too time-consuming to be practical. See EIA.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease, conjunctivitis, gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serous infections in neonates.
Synonym(s): adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

One of a family of over 30 different DNA viruses which infects man, causing colds, sore throat, CONJUNCTIVITIS and sometimes PNEUMONIA and GASTROENTERITIS.

adenovirus

a type of virus responsible for several acute infections of the respiratory system. The name derives from the adenoid tissues, where the virus is often found.

Adenovirus

One type of virus that can cause upper respiratory tract infections.

adenovirus 

A DNA virus, composed of over 40 serotypes. Many serotypes cause ocular infection, including epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by serotypes 8, 19 and 37. Other infections include follicular conjunctivitis with or without pseudomembranes and epithelial keratitis. The adenovirus can be identified using, among others, conjunctival swabs for viral antigen. See acute conjunctivitis.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; many types infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, and other diseases.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

a member of the family adenoviridae.

avian adenovirus types 1-11
cause respiratory or enteric disease, aplastic anemia, atrophy of bursa of Fabricius, egg-drop syndrome.
bovine adenovirus types 1-9
cause conjunctivitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pneumoenteritis.
canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1)
causes infectious canine hepatitis.
canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2)
is a cause of kennel cough (tracheobronchitis).
equine adenovirus type 1
causes pneumonia, the most severe form being primary, severe combined immunodeficiency disease of Arab foals.
equine adenovirus type 2
associated with enteric infections.
ovine adenovirus types 1-5
cause mild respiratory and enteric diseases.
porcine adenovirus types 1-4
cause respiratory disease; type 4 causes diarrhea and/or meningitis.
turkey adenovirus
causes respiratory or enteric disease, marble spleen disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Adenoviral conjunctivitis, Povidone-iodine, pH.
Dependence of efficient adenoviral gene delivery in malignant glioma cells on the expression levels of the Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor.
This study includes all patients with clinical features of adenoviral keratitis attending OPD, emergency and special clinic of the department.
Adenoviral infections are very contagious and have many forms.
Adenoviral infection of mouse embryos: Mouse embryos at the pronuclear stage were flushed out from the oviducts of the super-ovulated Kunming mice in M2 culture medium (Sigma-Aldrich, M7167, UK).
Although initial studies following the STEP trial showed that there was no association between T cell proliferative and cytokine responses to adenovirus 5 in those with high levels of pre-existing adenoviral 5 antibodies [14,15], recent work raises the possibility that the increased rate of HIV-1 transmission observed in vaccine recipients with a history of significant exposure to adenovirus 5 may have resulted from vaccine-induced migration of activated memory CD4+CCR5+ target T cells to the gastrointestinal tract [16,17].
72h after adenoviral transduction HEK293-cells were scraped from the bottom of the Petri dishes and immediately, together with the supernatant frozen at -80[degrees]C, until further processing.
Eventually, we found that there had been nearly seven hundred adverse reactions associated with adenoviral gene transfer procedures before Jesse's death.
For example, during 2001-2002, Ad14 was associated with approximately 8% of respiratory adenoviral infections in the pediatric ward of a Taiwan hospital, with approximately 40% of Ad14 cases in children aged 4-8 years manifesting as lower airway disease (7).
Austin, TX) has been granted a broad patent by the European Patent Office that relates to the production of purified adenoviral compositions that are commercially scaleable and can be readily validated for regulatory purposes.