In the present study, the presence of genomic DNA of five bacteria commonly detected in respiratory infections was associated with symptoms and signs of chronic adenotonsillar disease.
The control group consisted of children who underwent cochlear implantation, in the absence of symptoms of adenotonsillar disease or hypertrophy, palatine tonsils graded [less than or equal to] 2 (both PT occupied 50% or less of the oropharynx width), and AD occupied 50% or less of the nasopharynx at endoscopy.
influenzae in patients with and without chronic adenotonsillar disease, this bacterium was significantly more frequent in patients with more severe tonsillar hypertrophy.
Specialists in pediatric otolaryngology, anesthesiology, surgery, and audiology from the US and Canada address anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, evaluation, management, complications, and other aspects of acute and chronic otitis media, otitis externa, hearing loss and balance disorders, acute and chronic rhinosinusitis, epistaxis, airway obstruction in the newborn, stridor, laryngeal disorders, dysphagia, adenotonsillar disease
and sleep-disordered breathing, congenital neck masses, infections, benign salivary gland disorders, malignancies, craniofacial anomalies, and trauma, as well as basic audiometric assessment, the EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure, special issues in anesthesia, guidelines, and medical error.