adenoid hypertrophy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

adenoidal hypertrophy

Chronic enlargement of the adenoids usually accompanied by recurrent infections, which, if deemed excessively frequent, is an indication for adenoidectomy (see there).

adenoid hypertrophy

Adenoidal hypertrophy, see there.

adenoid hypertrophy

Hypertrophy of the pharyngeal tonsil. It occurs commonly in children and may be congenital or result from infection of Waldeyer ring.
See also: hypertrophy

Patient discussion about adenoid hypertrophy

Q. When should the tonsils and/or adenoids should be removed?

A. Currently the tonsillectomy is recommended in the presence of 6 episodes of throat infection (Group A strep pharyngitis) in one year or 3-4 episodes in each of 2years. Adenoidectomy may be recommended when tympanostomy tube surgery (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tympanostomy_tube) failed to prevent ear infection.

Another thing to consider is the presence of oral breathing - the constant use of the mouth for breathing in small children may lead to malformation of the facial bones that would necessitate more extensive surgeries later in life.

More discussions about adenoid hypertrophy
References in periodicals archive ?
KeyWords: Adenoid hypertrophy, Nasal obstruction, Frequency.
(8) also divided patients according to airway obstruction caused by adenoid hypertrophy into three groups; less than 50%, 50% to 75%, and more than 75%; only two patients out of 34 were in the first group.
However, nasoendoscopy showed enlarged adenoids obstructing the choanae with thick secretions accumulating in the nose, compatible with Grade 4 adenoid hypertrophy.
Montelukast in adenoid hypertrophy: its effect on size and symptoms.
(1,7,14) Moreover, the statement that children with AR have a higher tendency than children with NAR to suffer from obstructive adenoids has been based on the assumption that inhaled allergens--such as molds, house dust mites, or even food allergens--are transported to immunocompetent nasopharyngeal cells and thus may promote adenoid hypertrophy. (1,4,15) Although the gold standard test for detection of hypersensitivity to allergens is the skin prick test, nasal smear eosinophilia has been shown to be of high sensitivity in the diagnosis of AR.
Age, year 9 [+ or -] 4(3-20) (c) Gender, % Male 53 Ethnic group, % White 25 Mulatto 74 Black 2 Body mass index, kg/[m.sup.2] 16 [+ or -] 2(11-22) (c) Shwachman score 85 (65-100) (d) Endoscopic exam, % Middle meatus purulent secretion 38 Adenoid hypertrophy 18 Polyps 12 CT scan, % Maxillary opacification (a) 73 Ethmoid opacification (a) 61 Ostiomeatal complex opacification (b) 61 Note.
Adenoid hypertrophy is not present in the endoscopic nasopharyngeal examination.
Recurrent infections, including recurring otitis media (ROM) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH), are common indications for adenoidectomy (3).
However, an adenoid X-ray examination showed posterior nasopharyngeal soft tissue that was indenting and narrowing the nasopharyngeal air column (Figure 1), which suggested adenoid hypertrophy. We observed a faint soft tissue structure (19 mm x 13 mm) in the oropharynx.
Nasal obstruction may be the cardinal presenting symptom of many common disease processes, such as rhinitis, sinusitis, septal deviation, adenoid hypertrophy, and nasal trauma13-15.
In persistent OME with hearing impairment, the current standard of care is conservative treatment and if necessary insertion of tympanostomy tube as the first step followed by adenoidectomy in resistant cases or when symptoms of adenoid hypertrophy are prominent.