adenine


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adenine

 [ad´ĕ-nēn]
a purine base present in nucleoproteins of cells of plants and animals; adenine and guanine are essential components of nucleic acids. The end product of the metabolism of adenine in humans is uric acid. A preparation of adenine is used to improve the preservation of whole blood. Symbol A.
adenine arabinoside (ara-A) vidarabine.

ad·e·nine (A, Ade),

(ad'ĕ-nēn),
One of the two major purines (the other is guanine) found in both RNA and DNA, and also in various free nucleotides of importance to the body (for example, AMP (adenylic acid), ATP, NAD+, NADP+, and FAD); in all these smaller compounds, adenine is condensed with ribose at nitrogen-9, forming adenosine. For structure, see adenylic acid.
Synonym(s): 6-aminopurine

adenine

(ăd′n-ēn′, -ĭn)
n. Abbr. A
A purine base, C5H5N5, that is the constituent involved in base pairing with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA.

Adenine

One of 2 (the other is thymine) major purine bases (C5H5N5) in nucleic acid. Adenine pairs with a pyrimidine in nucleic acids—with thymine in DNA, or with uracil in RNA; adenine combines with deoxyribose to form deoxyadenosine in DNA and ribose to form adenosine in RNA. Adenine is a major factor in a plethora of biological and molecular reactions.

ad·e·nine

(A, Ade) (ad'ĕ-nēn)
One of the two major purines (the other being guanine) found in both RNA and DNA, and also in various free nucleotides.

adenine

A purine base. One of the four key biochemical units from which genes are formed in DNA and by which the two helical halves of the DNA molecule are linked together. Adenine pairs with thymine in DNA, but in RNA it pairs with uracil.
Adenineclick for a larger image
Fig. 14 Adenine . Complementary pairing. P = phosphate group.
Adenineclick for a larger image
Fig. 13 Adenine . Molecular structure.

adenine (A)

one of four types of nitrogenous bases found in DNA, having the double-ring structure of a class known as PURINES (see Fig. 13 ).

Adenine forms part of a DNA unit called a NUCLEOTIDE and always forms COMPLEMENTARY BASE PAIRING with a DNA PYRIMIDINE base called THYMINE (see Fig. 14 ). When pairing with RNA during TRANSCRIPTION, adenine is complementary to URACIL. Adenine also occurs in RNA molecules, ATP, ADP and AMP.

ad·e·nine

(ad'ĕ-nēn)
A purine found in both RNA and DNA, and also in various free nucleotides of importance to the body.
References in periodicals archive ?
For artificial seawater 4.0 Ga sample, adenine caused the highest increase in pH values.
From these results, we can see that all samples contained all five active ingredients, but their contents are different in samples fermented with different strains; for example, for the Jinshuibao capsules (adenosine > uridine > guanosine > adenine > uracil), Jinshuibao tablets (adenosine > uridine > guanosine > adenine > uracil), and Bailing capsule (adenosine > guanosine > uridine > uracil > adenine).
In this research, the concentrations of adenine were increased with increased dietary F:C ratios.
The second main group (48 rats) fed on basal diet plus 2 % adenine to induce chronic kidney disease (CKD) according to [16, 17].
Clinical Presentation Of Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency
However, aorta from adenine diet rats has shown patched calcification and calcium accumulation in the medial layer of vasculature.
The results for Cytosine (C) agreed with that of Xia et al [25] and also for Cytosine (C), Thymine (T) and Adenine (A) with Xia et al [26] for samples of human plasma.
Flower initiated in MS media supplemented with BAP (1.0 mg/L) and adenine sulfate (70 mg/L) (Figure 1(a)) after 4-6 weeks of cultures.
In the other 3 groups, a 2% adenine suspension was given at 200 mg/kg/d by gavage every morning to induce CRF.
For preparation of PPR-Fl-adenine, PPR-Fl (0.01 g) was dissolved in 1 mL phosphate buffers at pH 5.0 and 7.4 and then a solution of adenine (0.01 g in 1mL water) was added to this solution.
For the kinetic experiments of the extracellular catabolism of adenine nucleotides and adenosine, strips from the longitudinal muscle with the myenteric plexus attached (LM-MP) were mounted in a 2mL organ bath.
Base Nucleoside Nucleotide Adenine deoxyguanosine deoxyguanylate Guanine deoxyguanosine deoxyguanylate Cytosine deoxycytidine deoxycytidylate Thymine deoxythymdine deoxythymidylate Table 1.